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- Genus Arctocephalus
- Antarctic fur seal, Arctocephalus gazella
- Guadalupe fur seal, Arctocephalus townsendi
- Juan Fernández fur seal, Arctocephalus philippii
- Galápagos fur seal, Arctocephalus galapagoensis
- Brown fur seal (or Cape fur seal), Arctocephalus pusillus
- New Zealand fur seal, Arctocephalus forsteri (validity questionable - see below)
- Subantarctic fur seal, Arctocephalus tropicalis
- South American fur seal, Arctocephalus australis
The number of species within the genus has been questioned, primarily based on limited molecular data. The issue is complicated by the fact some of the species are able to produce fertile hybrids. A recent review recommended the retention of seven species, deprecating the New Zealand fur seals to a subspecies of the South American fur seal, while also questioning the status of the Guadelupe fur seal. Other recent studies have indicated that the genus may be paraphyletic. In that case, all species (except for the Cape fur seal) will have to be split off into a separate genus, for which the name Arctophoca has been suggested.
- Berta, A. & Churchill, M. (2012). "Pinniped Taxonomy: evidence for species and subspecies". Mammal Review 42 (3): 207–234. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2907.2011.00193.x.
- Yonezawa, T., et al. (2009). "The monophyletic origin of sea lions and fur seals (Carnivora; Otariidae) in the Southern Hemisphere". Gene 441 (1-2): 89–99. doi:10.1016/j.gene.2009.01.022. PMID 19254754.