Scientists aim to describe a single 'tree of life' that reflects the evolutionary relationships of living things. However, evolutionary relationships are a matter of ongoing discovery, and there are different opinions about how living things should be grouped and named. EOL reflects these differences by supporting several different scientific 'classifications'. Some species have been named more than once. Such duplicates are listed under synonyms. EOL also provides support for common names which may vary across regions as well as languages.

Preferred marks the preferred classification for this taxon.

Recognized By Rank Classification
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013
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Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
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AnAge database Genus
Animal Diversity Web Descriptions Genus
BHL: BioDivLibrary's photostream
BOLDS resource for higher-level taxa
BOLDS images II Genus
BOLDS resource for species-level taxa Genus
BioKIDS Critter Catalog Genus
Conabio Genus
EOL Group on Flickr Genus
GBIF national node type records: Netherlands Genus
IABIN resource Genus
INBio resource Genus
IUCN Red List Genus
IUCN Red List
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Genus Import Genus Import
Monthly ARKive text import Genus
Mammal life history Genus
Taxonomic Hierarchy of COL-China 2012 Mammalia Genus
NCBI Taxonomy
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NatureServe resource Genus
Paleobiology Database
view in classification
Phthiraptera Genus
  • Mus
SPIRE resource
Smithsonian type specimen data Genus
South African Vertebrates
view in classification
India Biodiversity Portal Species Data Genus
Taxonomic Hierarchy of COL-China 2012
view in classification
Wikimedia Commons Genus
Wikimedia Commons
Wikipedia Genus
Wikipedia Genus
iNaturalist Images Genus
iSpot southern Africa Genus


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

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