The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • E. J. Hugghins, “A survey of the helminths and ectoparasites of rats, Rattus rattus frugivorous Rafinesque and Sigmodon hispidus hispidus Say and Ord, in Brazos County, Texas”, Texas A & M, 1949.
  • H. W. Koepcke and M. Koepcke, Sobre el proceso de transformacion de la materia organica en las playas arenosas marinas del Peru. Publ. Univ. Nac. Mayer San Marcos, Zoologie Serie A, No. 8, from p. 24 (1952).
  • L. K. Nechaeva, A. N. Kozlov, and I. F. Zhovtyi, “Ectoparasites of the Norway rat, Rattus norvegicus norvegicus Berk. 1769 in northern Kazakhstan”, Meditsinskaia parazitologiia i parazitarnye bolezni, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 69 - 74, 1981.
  • R. F. Johnston, Predation by short-eared owls on a Salicornia salt marsh, Wilson Bull. 68(2):91-102, from p. 99 (1956).
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207


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