The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Alexander, Edward F. 2001. The Cactus Family. 776
  • Berendsohn, W.G., A. K. Gruber & J. A. Monterrosa Salomón. 2009. Nova Silva Cuscatlanica. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L. Englera 29(1): 1–438.
  • Gen. Pl.: 310. 4 Aug 1789.
  • Genera Plantarum 310. 1789. (4 Aug 1789) (Gen. Pl.)
  • Gonçalves, M.L. (1978) Cactaceae FZ 4
  • Hunt, David. 2006. The New Cactus Lexicon: Text. x + 373
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. (eds.) 2011. Fl. Antioquia: Cat. 2: 9–939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Leistner, O.A. (ed.) (2000) Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera Strelitzia 10
  • P. G. Howes, The Giant Cactus Forest and Its World: A Brief Biology of the Giant Cactus Forest of Our American Southwest (Duell, Sloan, and Pearce, New York; Little, Brown, Boston; 1954), from pp. 222-239, from p. 227.
  • Stevens, W. D., C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: i–xlii,.
  • Tributsch, H. 1984. How life learned to live. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. 218 p.
  • WoRMS (2014). Cactaceae. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=414774

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