Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Amaranthaceae Preferred
Chenopodiaceae Synonym
Alternanthera palmeri S. Watson Invalidly published, nomen nudum


Name Relationship
Amaranthaceae de Jussieu, 1789 Preferred
Rumicastrum Ulbrich in Engler et Prantl, 1934
Chenoleoides (Ulbrich) V. P. Botschantzev, 1976
Oplotheca Nuttall, 1818
Borsczowia Bunge, 1877
Esfandiaria Charif & P. Aellen, 1952
Echinopsilon Moquin-Tandon, 1834
Obione J. Gaertner, 1791
Blitum Linnaeus, 1753
Teloxys Moquin-Tandon, 1834
Kentrosphaera Volkens ex Gilg in Engler et Prantl, 1897
Roubieva Moquin-Tandon, 1834
Dipteranthemum F. von Mueller in Wing, 1883
Brayulinea J. K. Small, 1903
Desmochaeta A. P. de Candolle, 1813
Telanthera R. Brown in Tuckey, 1818
Babbagia F. von Mueller, 1858
Theleophyton Moquin-Tandon in Alph. de Candolle, 1849
Bushiola Nieuwland, 1915
Eremochion Gilli, 1959
Bucholzia C. F. P. Martius, 1825
Hypocylix Woloszczak, 1886
Cyrilwhitea E. H. Ising, 1964
Mogiphanes C. F. P. Martius, 1825
Dendroportulaca U. Eggli, 1997
Illecebrum K. P. J. Sprengel, 1817
Robynsiella Suessenguth, 1938
Haloxanthium Ulbrich in Engler et Prantl, 1934
Neobotrydium Moldenke, 1946
Melanocarpum J. D. Hooker in Bentham et J. D. Hooker, 1880
Spirostachys Sternberg ex S. Watson 1874
Amblogyna Rafinesque, 1837
Anisacantha R. Brown, 1810
Neopreissia Ulbrich in Engler et Prantl, 1934
Psilodigera Suessenguth, 1952
Spirostachys Ungern-Sternberg, 1866
Pachypharynx P. Aellen, 1938
Lecanocarpus C. G. D. Nees, Th. F. L. Nees et Sinning, 1824
Cladostachys D. Don, 1825
Psilostachys Hochstetter, 1844
Halimione P. Aellen, 1938
Eremosemium E. L. Greene, 1900
Apterantha C. H. Wright, 1918
Caraxeron Vaillant ex Rafinesque, 1837
Acanthochiton J. Torrey in Sitgreaves, 1853
Morocarpus Boehmer in E. G. Ludwig, 1760
Mengea J. C. Schauer, 1843
Hammada Iljin, 1948
Euxolus Rafinesque, 1837
Cladothrix (T. Nuttall ex Moquin-Tandon) Bentham et J. D. Hooker, 1880
Dondia Adanson, 1763
Ceratospermum Persoon, 1807
Cyphocarpa (Fenzl) Lopriore, 1899
Tegicornia Paul G. Wilson, 1980
Trichinium R. Brown, 1810
Kochia A. W. Roth, 1801
Gyroptera V. P. Botschantzev, 1967
Pseudodigera Chiovenda, 1936
Armola Montandon, 1856
Kalidiopsis P. Aellen, 1967
Goerziella Urban, 1924
Rodetia Moquin-Tandon in Alph de Candolle, 1849
Halosarcia Paul G. Wilson, 1980
Trichurus C. C. Townsend, 1974
Eurotia Adanson, 1763
Brandesia C. F. P. Martius, 1825
Londesia F. E. L. Fischer et C. A. Meyer, 1836
Banalia Moquin-Tandon in Alph. de Candolle, 1849
Helicilla Moquin-Tandon in Alph. de Candolle, 1849
Morrisiella P. Aellen, 1938
Physandra V. P. Botschantzev, 1956
Sclerobassia Ulbrich in Engler et Prantl, 1934
Brezia Moquin-Tandon in Alph. de Candolle, 1849
Halimus Wallroth, 1822
Darniella R. Maire et Weiller, 1939
Blackiella P. Aellen, 1938
Choriptera V. P. Botschantzev, 1967
Diotis Schreber, 1791
Ceratoides Gagnebin, 1755
Marcellia Baillon, 1886
Duriala (Anderson) Ulbrich in Engler et Prantl, 1934
Dicraurus J. D. Hooker in Bentham et J. D. Hooker, 1880
Coilocarpus Domin, 1921
Senniella P. Aellen, 1938
Meiomeria Standley, 1916
Chenolea Thunberg, 1781
Lerchia Haller ex Zinn, 1757
Aellenia Ulbrich in Engler et Prantl, 1934
Brachylepis C. A. Meyer ex Ledebour, 1829
Schoberia C. A. Meyer ex Ledebour, 1829
Acnida Linnaeus, 1753
Sclerostegia Paul G. Wilson, 1980
Muratina R. Maire, 1938
Bragantia Vandelli, 1771
Halotis Bunge, 1862
Pachycornia J. D. Hooker in Bentham et J. D. Hooker, 1880
Patellaria J. T. Williams et B. V. Ford-Lloyd ex J. T. Williams, A. J. Scott et B. V. Ford-Lloyd, 1976
Caspia A. I. Galushko, 1976
Micropeplis Bunge, 1852
Calvelia Moquin-Tandon in Alph. de Candolle, 1849
Montelia (Moquin-Tandon) A. Gray, 1856
Ambrina Spach, 1836
Caroxylon Thunberg, 1782
Sarratia Moquin-Tandon in Alph. de Candolle, 1849
Spinacea P.J.F. Schur, 1866
Hebantha Mart.
Bushia Nieuwl.
Froehlichia S.F.L. Endlicher, 1841


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