The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Albach, D. C., P. S. Soltis, D. E. Soltis, and R. G. Olmstead. 2001. Phylogenetic analysis of asterids based on sequences of four genes. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 88:163-212.
  • Backlund, A. and B. Bremer. 1997. Phylogeny of Asteridae s. str. based on rbcL sequences, with particular reference to Dipsacales. Plant Systematics and Evolution 207:225-254.
  • Botanik fur Damen 411. 1828. (Bot. Damen)
  • Bremer, B., K. Bremer, N. Heidari, P. Erixon, R. G. Olmstead, A. A. Anderberg, M. Källersjö, and E. Barkhordarian. 2002. Phylogenetics of asterids based on 3 coding and 3 non-coding chloroplast DNA markers and the utility of non-coding DNA at higher taxonomic levels. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 24:274-301.
  • Bremer, K. 1994. Asteraceae: Cladistics and Classification. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.
  • Bremer, K. and M. H. G. Gustafsson. 1997. East Gondwana ancestry of the sunflower alliance of families. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 94:9188-9190.
  • Bremer, K., A. Backlund, B. Sennblad, U. Swenson, K. Andreasen, M. Hjertson, J. Lundberg, M. Backlund, and B. Bremer. 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of 100+ genera and 50+ families of euasterids based on morphological and molecular data with notes on possible higher level morphological synapomorphies. Plant Systematics and Evolution 229:137-169.
  • Gard. Bull. Singapore 1966. (Gard. Bull. Singapore)
  • Gustafsson, M. H. G. and K. Bremer. 1995. Morphology and Phylogenetic Interrelationships of the Asteraceae, Calyceraceae, Campanulaceae, Goodeniaceae, and Related Families (Asterales). American Journal of Botany 82:250-265.
  • Gustafsson, M. H. G., A. Backlund, and B. Bremer. 1996. Phylogeny of the Asterales sensu late based on rbcL sequences with particular reference to the Goodeniaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution 199:217-242.
  • Handbuch zur Erkennung der nutzbarsten und am häufigsten vorkommenden Gewächse 1: 731. 1829. (4-11 Jul 1829) (Handbuch)
  • Ito, Yu, Barfod, Anders S. (2014): An updated checklist of aquatic plants of Myanmar and Thailand. Biodiversity Data Journal 2, 1019: 1019-1019, URL:
  • Ito, Yu, Barfod, Anders S. (2014): An updated checklist of aquatic plants of Myanmar and Thailand. Biodiversity Data Journal 2, 1019: 1019-1019, URL:
  • Karehed, J., J. Lundberg, B. Bremer, and K. Bremer. 1999. Evolution of the Australasian families Alseuosmiaceae, Argophyllaceae, and Phellinaceae. Systematic Botany 24:660-682.
  • Lammers, T. G. 1992. Circumscription and phylogeny of the Campanulales. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 79:388-413.
  • Lundberg J. and K. Bremer. 2003. A phylogenetic study of the order Asterales using one morphological and three molecular data sets. International Journal of Plant Science 164:553-578.
  • Lundberg, J. 2001. The asteralean affinity of the Mauritian Roussea (Rousseaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 137:267-276.
  • Olmstead, R. G., K.-J. Kim, R. K. Jansen, and S. J. Wagstaff. 2000. The phylogeny of the Asteridae sensu lato based on chloroplast ndhF gene sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 16:96-112.
  • Savolainen, V., M. F. Fay, D. C. Albach, A. Backlund, M. van der Bank, K. M. Cameron, S. A. Johnson, M. D. Lledó, J.-C. Pintaud, M. Powell, M. C. Sheahan, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis, P. Weston, W. M. Whitten, K. J. Wurdack, and M. W. Chase. 2000. Phylogeny of the eudicots: a nearly complete familial analysis based on rbcl gene sequences. Kew Bulletin 55:257-309.
  • Soltis, D. E., P. S. Soltis, M. W. Chase, M. E. Mort, D. C. Albach, M. Zanis, V. Savolainen, W. H. Hahn, S. B. Hoot, M. F. Fay, M. Axtell, S. M. Swensen, L. M. Prince, W. J. Kress, K. C. Nixon, and J. S. Farris. 2000. Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from 18S rDNA, rbcL, and atpB sequences. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 133:381-461.
  • Tank, D. C. and M. J. Donoghue. 2010. Phylogeny and phylogenetic nomenclature of the Campanulidae based on an expanded sample of genes and taxa. Systematic Botany 35:425-441.
  • Tobe, H. and N. R. Morin. 1996. Embryology and circumscription of Campanulaceae and Campanulales: A review of literature. Journal of Plant Research 109:425-435.
  • WoRMS (2015). Asterales. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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