Overview

Brief Summary

Sportive lemurs (Lepilemur)

Sportive lemurs are medium-sized primates belonging to the Family Lepilemuridae (1). The family was named Megaladapidae until the extinct genus Megaladapis was removed from the family.

Sportive lemurs live on Madagascar.

They have grey brown or reddish fur on top and whitish yellow fur below. They typically have a short head with large, round ears. They grow to 30-35 cm long (with a tail about as long as the body) and weigh up to 0.9 kg. The eyes have a tapetum lucidum behind the retina, hence they have eyeshine.

Sportive lemurs are strictly nocturnal and predominantly arboreal, moving among the trees with long jumps powered by their strong hind legs. On the ground, they hop like kangaroos. At night they are active and quite vocal. By day they hide in the leafy covering or holes in trees. Sportive lemurs are solitary but defend their territory vehemently against same sex intruders. The territories of males and females can overlap.

Sportive lemurs are mainly herbivores, feeding mainly on leaves.

Usually one young is born from September-December after a gestation of 120-150 days. It is often reared in a nest in a tree hollow. At about four months the juveniles are weaned but stay with their mother up to an age of one year. At about 18 months they are fully mature and live to be about 8 years old.

Sportive lemurs include the following species, many being distinguished due to molecular analysis (2-5): AEECL's Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur aeeclis), Ahmanson's Sportive Lemur (L. ahmansonorum), Ankarana Sportive Lemur (L. ankaranensis), Betsileo Sportive Lemur (L. betsileo), Grey-backed or Back-striped Sportive Lemur (L. dorsalis), Milne-Edwards' Sportive Lemur, (L. edwardsi), Fleurete's Sportive Lemur (L. fleuretae), Grewcock's Sportive Lemur (L. grewcockorum), Holland's Sportive Lemur (L. hollandorum) (6), Hubbard's Sportive Lemur (L. hubbardorum), James' Sportive Lemur (L. jamesorum), White-footed Sportive Lemur (L. leucopus), Manasamody Sportive Lemur (L. manasamody), Small-toothed Sportive Lemur, (L. microdon), Daraina Sportive Lemur (L. milanoii), Weasel Sportive Lemur (L. mustelinus), Otto's Sportive Lemur (L. otto), Petter's Sportive Lemur (L. petteri), Randrianasolo's Sportive Lemur (L. randrianasoloi), Red-tailed Sportive Lemur, (L. ruficaudatus), Sahamalaza's Sportive Lemur (L. sahamalazensis), Scott's Sportive Lemur (L. scottorum), Seal's Sportive Lemur (L. seali), Northern Sportive Lemur (L. septentrionalis), Hawk's Sportive Lemur (L. tymerlachsonorum) and Wright's Sportive Lemur (L. wrightae)

  • 1. Groves, C. P. (2005). "Family Lepilemuridae". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 117–119. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  • 2. Andriaholinirina, N., J. Fausser, C. Roos, Y. Rumpler et al. (2006-02-23). "Molecular phylogeny and taxonomic revision of the sportive lemurs (Lepilemur, Primates)". BMC Evolutionary Biology 6: 17. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-6-17. PMC 1397877. PMID 16504080.
  • 3.^ Edward E. Louis, Jr., Shannon E. Engberg, Runhua Lei, Huimin Geng, Julie A. Sommer, Richard Randriamampionona, Jean C. Randriamanana, John R. Zaonarivelo, Rambinintsoa Andriantompohavana, Gisele Randria, Prosper, Boromé Ramaromilanto, Gilbert Rakotoarisoa, Alejandro Rooney, and Rick A. Brenneman (2006). "Molecular and morphological analyses of the sportive lemurs (Family Megaladapidae: Genus Lepilemur) reveals 11 previously unrecognized species" (PDF). Texas Tech University Special Publications (49): 1–49.
  • 4. Mathias Craul, Elke Zimmermann, Solofo Rasoloharijaona, Blanchard Randrianambinina and Ute Radespiel (2007-05-31). "Unexpected species diversity of Malagasy primates (Lepilemur spp.) in the same biogeographical zone: a morphological and molecular approach with the description of two new species". BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: 83. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-83. PMC 1913500. PMID 17540016.
  • 5. Palmer, Jane (2008-02-21). "Henry Doorly Zoo scientists identify two new lemur species". Omaha World-Herald.
  • 6. B. Ramaromilanto, R. Lei, S. E. Engberg, S. E. Johnson, B. D. Sitzmann, and E. E. Louis, Jr., 2009. (2009-04-08). "Description of a new sportive lemur, Holland’s or Mananara-Nord sportive lemur, from Mananara-Nord Biosphere Reserve, Madagascar". Museum of Texas Tech University, N. 286, 1-22.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Olingo

Supplier: Olingo

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Sportive lemur

The sportive lemurs are the medium sized primates that make up the family Lepilemuridae. The family consists of only one extant genus, Lepilemur. They are closely related to the other lemurs and exclusively live on the island of Madagascar. For a time, this family was named Megaladapidae, but the current name was given precedence since the extinct genus Megaladapis was removed from the family.

Physical characteristics[edit]

Their fur is grey brown or reddish colored on the top and whitish yellow underneath. They typically have a short head with large, round ears. They grow to a length of 30 to 35 cm (with a tail just about as long as their body) and weigh up to 0.9 kg. Their eyes have a tapetum lucidum behind the retina, hence they have eyeshine.

Behaviour and mating[edit]

Sportive lemurs are strictly nocturnal and predominantly arboreal, moving among the trees with long jumps powered by their strong hind legs. On the ground, they hop similarly as the kangaroos. During the day they hide in the leafy covering or tree hollows. Sportive lemurs are solitary but defend their territory vehemently against same sex intruders. The territories of males and females can overlap.

Diet[edit]

They are mainly herbivores and their diet consists predominantly of leaves.

Reproduction and lifespan[edit]

Birthing happens between September and December after a gestation of 120 to 150 days, and is usually of a single young which is often reared in a nest in a tree hollow. At about four months the juveniles are weaned but remain with their mother up to an age of one year. At about 18 months they are fully mature, and live to be about eight years old.

Classification[edit]

* New species according to molecular analysis[2]
** New species according to molecular analysis[3]
*** New species according to molecular analysis[4]
**** New species according to molecular analysis[5]
***** New species according to molecular analysis[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Groves, C. P. (2005). "Family Lepilemuridae". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 117–119. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ Andriaholinirina, N., Fausser, J., Roos, C., Rumpler, Y., et al. (2006-02-23). "Molecular phylogeny and taxonomic revision of the sportive lemurs (Lepilemur, Primates)". BMC Evolutionary Biology 6: 17. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-6-17. PMC 1397877. PMID 16504080. 
  3. ^ Edward E. Louis, Jr., Shannon E. Engberg, Runhua Lei, Huimin Geng, Julie A. Sommer, Richard Randriamampionona, Jean C. Randriamanana, John R. Zaonarivelo, Rambinintsoa Andriantompohavana, Gisele Randria, Prosper, Boromé Ramaromilanto, Gilbert Rakotoarisoa, Alejandro Rooney, and Rick A. Brenneman (2006). "Molecular and morphological analyses of the sportive lemurs (Family Megaladapidae: Genus Lepilemur) reveals 11 previously unrecognized species" (PDF). Texas Tech University Special Publications (49): 1–49. 
  4. ^ Mathias Craul, Elke Zimmermann, Solofo Rasoloharijaona, Blanchard Randrianambinina and Ute Radespiel (2007-05-31). "Unexpected species diversity of Malagasy primates (Lepilemur spp.) in the same biogeographical zone: a morphological and molecular approach with the description of two new species". BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: 83. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-83. PMC 1913500. PMID 17540016. 
  5. ^ Palmer, Jane (2008-02-21). "Henry Doorly Zoo scientists identify two new lemur species". Omaha World-Herald. Retrieved 2008-02-24. [dead link]
  6. ^ B. Ramaromilanto, R. Lei, S. E. Engberg, S. E. Johnson, B. D. Sitzmann, and E. E. Louis, Jr., 2009. (2009-04-08). "Description of a new sportive lemur, Holland’s or Mananara-Nord sportive lemur, from Mananara-Nord Biosphere Reserve, Madagascar". Museum of Texas Tech University, N. 286, 1-22. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!