Evolution and Systematics

Functional Adaptations

Functional adaptation

Sticky hairs capture insects: Roridula plant
 

Sticky secretions from leaf hairs of Roridula plants help capture insect prey via a multi-step adhesive capture process.

     
  "The flypaper trap of the protocarnivorous plant Roridula gorgonias is known to capture various insects, even those having a considerable body size, by using an adhesive, visco-elastic resinous secretion released by glandular trichomes of different dimensions. However, recent experimental studies have shown that the adhesion of long tentacle-shaped trichome secretion is not as strong as previously assumed. One may then ask why this flypaper trap is so highly effective. In the present study, we compared geometry, flexibility and the adhesive properties of secretion in different sized trichomes. We have analysed the gross morphology of the plant and its surfaces using light and cryo-scanning electron microscopy. Trichomes' stiffness and the adhesive properties of their secretion on different surfaces were measured. A combination of structural and experimental results, presented in this study, let us suggest that R. gorgonias represents a three-dimensional trap consisting of three functional hierarchical levels (plant, leaves and trichomes). According to their size, we classified three types of trichomes having a particular arrangement on the leaf. The longest trichomes are more flexible and less adhesive compared with the shortest ones. The latter are 48 times stiffer and their secretion has a 9 times higher adhesive strength. Our data support the hypothesis that the shortest trichomes are adapted to strong, long-term adherence to prey insects, and that the longest trichomes are responsible for initial trapping and entanglement function." (Voigt et al. 2009:3184)

  Learn more about this functional adaptation.
  • Knight K. 2009. Hair hierarchy helps R. gorgonias get a grip. The Journal of Experimental Biology. 212(19): ii.
  • Voigt D; Gorb E; Gorb S. 2009. Hierarchical organisation of the trap in the protocarnivorous plant Roridula gorgonias (Roridulaceae). The Journal of Experimental Biology. 212(19): 3184-3191.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:8,822Public Records:5,965
Specimens with Sequences:8,063Public Species:1,996
Specimens with Barcodes:7,826Public BINs:0
Species:2,547         
Species With Barcodes:2,425         
          
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Barcode data

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Ericales

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