IUCN threat status:

Not evaluated


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Overall this is a shrub/tree. (NPIN, 2007) This is a low, spreading, bushy shrub.(Peattie, 1930)

Flowers Bloom color can be yellow or purple. (NPIN, 2007) Flowers appear before the leaves. Catkins are long and slender. Scales are brown or black and pubescent with long gray twisted hairs. There are 2 stamens. The style is short and twice as long as the thick stigmas. The sexes are on different plants. Male flowers are accompanied by 1 or 2 small glands. Female flowers have a small flat gland near the base of the ovary. (Peattie, 1930)

Fruit The capsule is conic-subulate and glabrous.(Peattie, 1930)

Leaves are glabrous (hairless), dark green, and egg-shaped. They have a glaucous (bluish white or whitened) coating and a densely hairy stem, especially when young. (Weatherbee, 2006) Stipules are half-heart-shaped or kidney-shaped. Mature leaves are glabrous beneath. The base may be rounded or cordate, the tip acute to short-acuminate. They are dark green above, glaucous beneath, and elliptical-lanceolate or obovate. Leaves blacken in drying. The margins are serrate or crenate-serrate. Old leaves become veiny. Young leaves are much unlike the mature ones. (Peattie, 1930)

Stems are densely hairy, especially when young. (Weatherbee, 2006) Twigs are stout, yellowish to brown, downy at first, and then glabrate. Twigs are round and limber. (Peattie, 1930)


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Beck, Nicholas

Source: Indiana Dunes Bioblitz

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