Overview

Comprehensive Description

Brief

Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Herb
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Description

Annual or short-lived perennial herb, sometimes prostrate but more commonly growing as an erect subshrub up to 1.2m.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Distribution

"
Global Distribution

Paleotropics

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: Palakkad, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Idukki, Kasaragode, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad

"
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Worldwide distribution

Widespread in the tropics of Asia and Africa and S Africa
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Physical Description

Morphology

Physical Description

Annual, Perennial, Herbs, Taproot present, Nodules present, Stems erect or ascending, Stems or branches arching, spreading or decumbent, Stems less than 1 m tall, Stems solid, Stems or young twigs sparsely to densely hairy, Leaves alternate, Leaves petiolate, Extrafloral nectary glands on petiole, Stipules conspicuous, Stipules green, triangulate to lanceolate or foliaceous, Stipules persistent, Stipules free, Leaves compound, Leaves even pinnate, Leaf or leaflet margins entire, Leaflets opposite, Leaflets 10-many, Leaves glabrous or nearly so, Flowers solitary in axils, or appearing solitary, Inflorescence axillary, Bracts very small, absent or caducous, Bracteoles present, Flowers actinomorphic or somewhat irregular, Calyx 5-lobed, Calyx hairy, Petals separate, Petals clawed, Petals orange or yellow, Stamens 9-10, Stamens heteromor phic, graded in size, Stamens completely free, separate, Filaments glabrous, Anthers opening by basal or terminal pores or slits, Style terete, Fruit a legume, Fruit unilocular, Fruit freely dehiscent, Fruit elongate, straight, Fruit oblong or ellipsoidal, Fruit exserted from calyx, Fruit internally septate between the seeds, Fruit compressed between seeds, Fruit explosively or elastically dehiscent, Valves twisting or coiling after dehiscence, Fruit glabrous or glabrate, Fruit hairy, Fruit 3-10 seeded, Seeds subquadrate, Seed surface smooth, Seeds olive, brown, or black.
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Dr. David Bogler

Source: USDA NRCS PLANTS Database

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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Shrubs or herbs, young stem, rachis often appressed hairy. Leaves spirally arranged or distichous, paripinnate, 4-8 cm long; leaflets opposite 24-50 pairs, 3-6 x 1-2 mm, linear-oblong, oblique at base, margins ciliate; rachis with a sessile gland near the base; stipules linear 5-8 mm long. Flowers solitary or many-flowered, racemes, axillary or supra axillary; peduncle 1-2 cm long; bracts ovate, 3-6 mm long; bracteoles scarious; pedicels 0.5-1.5 cm long. Sepals 5, lanceolate, 4-5 mm long. Petals 5, yellow, 5-8 mm long, obovate. Stamens 10, alternate short and long. Ovary linear, densely silky hairy, stigma truncate. Pods 3-6 x 0.4-0.5 cm. plano-compressed, thickened along sutures, elastically dehiscent; seeds c. 20, ellipsoid."
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

Dry and moist deciduous forests
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Associations

Insects whose larvae eat this plant species

Eurema desjardinsii marshalli (Angled grass yellow) Eurema hecabe solifera (Common grass yellow)
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Population Biology

Frequency

Common
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: July-December
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Chamaecrista mimosoides

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Uses

Medicinal
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