The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Berendsohn, W. G. & A. E. A. González. 1989. Listado básico de la Flora Salvadorensis: Familia 118: Leguminosae. Cuscatlania 1(2): 1–16. External link.
  • Breedlove, D. E. 1986. Flora de Chiapas. Listados Floríst. México 4: i–v, 1–246. External link.
  • CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City. External link.
  • Dwyer, J. D. & D. L. Spellman. 1981. A list of the Dicotyledoneae of Belize. Rhodora 83(834): 161–236. External link.
  • García-Mendoza, A. J. & J. Meave del Castillo. 2011. Divers. Florist. Oaxaca 1–351. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria. External link.
  • Holotype: Safford, W. E. 1914. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 4: 365.
  • Holotype: Safford, W. E. 1914. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 4: 366.
  • Janzen, D. H. & R. Liesner. 1980. Annotated Check-list of Plants of Lowland Guanacaste Province, Costa Rica, Exclusive of Grasses and Non-Vascular Cryptogams. Brenesia 18: 15–90. External link.
  • Janzen, D. H. 1974. Swollen-thorn Acacias of Central America. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 13: 1–131. External link.
  • Janzen,D.H. 1974. Smithsonian Contr.Bot. 13:1-131 ..Acacias of C. America
  • Linares, J. L. 2003 [2005]. Listado comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la república de El Salvador. Ceiba 44(2): 105–268. External link.
  • McVaugh, R. 1987. Leguminosae. 5: 1–786. In R. McVaugh Fl. Novo-Galiciana. The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. External link.
  • McVaugh,R. 1987. Flora Novo-Galiciana 5:1-786. Leguminosae
  • Molina Rosito, A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118. External link.
  • Rico-Arce, M. d. L. 2007. A Checklist and Synopsis of American Species of Acacia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae). 207 pp. External link.
  • Roskov Y.R., Bisby F.A. (†), Zarucchi J.L. & White R.J. (eds) (2013). ILDIS World Database of Legumes (version 10.04, Sep 2012). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • SPECIMEN BASED RECORD. Published protolog data. External link.
  • Seigler, D. S. & J. E. Ebinger. 2005 [2006]. New combinations in the genus Vachellia (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) from the New World. Phytologia 87(3): 139–178. External link.
  • Seymour, F. C. 1981. Bipinnate Leguminosae of Nicaragua. Phytologia 48(1): 1–71. External link.
  • Sousa S., M., M. Ricker & H. M. Hernández. 2003. An index for the tree species of the family Leguminosae in Mexico. Harvard Pap. Bot. 7(2): 381–398. External link.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Leguminosae. Flora of Guatemala. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(5): 1–368. External link.
  • Standley,P.C. & Steyermark,J.A. 1946. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(5):1-425 Leguminosae
  • Stevens, W. D., C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: i–xlii,. External link.
  • Syntype: Schenck, H. 1913. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 363.


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