Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

Bahamas

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

Guatemala

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Mexico

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

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Global Range: Bahamas, Florida, Mexico, Guatamala, Cuba (Correll and Correll 1982); listed incorrectly in Long & Lakela (1971) as "endemic".

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Physical Description

Morphology

Physical Description

Perennial, Herbs, Stems woody below, or from woody crown or caudex, Taproot present, No dules present, Stems erect or ascending, Stems or branches arching, spreading or decumbent, Stems less than 1 m tall, Stems solid, Stems or young twigs glabrous or sparsely glabrate, Leaves alternate, Leaves petiolate, Stipules conspicuous, Stipules green, triangulate to lanceolate or foliaceous, Stipules persistent, Stipules clasping stem at the base, Stipules adnate to petiole, Stipules connate to each other, forming a tuber or sheath, Leaves compound, Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate, Leaves odd pinnate, Leaf or leaflet margins entire, Leaflets opposite, Leaflets 3, Leaves glabrous or nearly so, Leaves hairy on one or both surfaces, Flowers in axillary clusters or few-floweredracemes, 2-6 flowers, Inflorescences spikes or spike-like, Inflorescence axillary, Inflorescence terminal, Bracts conspicuously present, Bracteoles present, Flowers zygomorphic, Calyx 5-lobed, Calyx glabrous, Petals separate, Corolla papilionaceous, Petals clawed, Petals orange or yellow, Banner petal ovoid or obovate, Wing petals narrow, oblanceolate to oblong, Wing tips obtuse or rounded, Stamens 9-10, Stamens or anthers dimorphic, alternating large and small, Stamens monadelphous, united below, Filaments glabrous, Style terete, Fruit a loment, jointed, separating into articles, Fruit unilocular, Fruit freely dehiscent, Fruit elongate, straight, Fruit rugose wrinkled or reticulate, Fruit exserted from calyx, Fruit beaked, Fruit hairy, Fruit 1-seeded, Seeds ovoid to rounded in outline, Seed surface smooth, Seeds olive, brown, or black.
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Dr. David Bogler

Source: USDA NRCS PLANTS Database

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Type Information

Isotype for Stylosanthes calcicola Small
Catalog Number: US 1738053
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. K. Small
Year Collected: 1915
Locality: Pinelands about Rose-Costello Hammock., Dade, Florida, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Small, J. K. 1933. Man. Southeast. Fl. 730, 1505.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Florida: Open pine rocklands in Dade and Monroe counties on Miami oolite (C.E. Hilsenbeck). Bahamas: rock flats, palmetto flats, open areas (Correll and Correll 1982).

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Population Biology

Number of Occurrences

Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.

Estimated Number of Occurrences: Unknown

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Stylosanthes calcicola

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Bahamas

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

Guatemala

Rounded National Status Rank: N1 - Critically Imperiled

Mexico

Rounded National Status Rank: N2 - Imperiled

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N2 - Imperiled

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G3 - Vulnerable

Reasons: This species is found in Florida (USA), Guatemala, Cuba, Mexico and the Bahamas (New Province Island). In Florida, it is limited to the pine rocklands of Dade and Monroe counties.

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Names and Taxonomy

Taxonomy

Comments: Distinguished by stiff pubescence overall, style not hooked.

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