Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Type Information

Isotype for Amelanchier canadensis var. subintegra Fernald
Catalog Number: US 2050953
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): M. L. Fernald & B. H. Long
Year Collected: 1940
Locality: NE & E of Cox Landing., Nansemond, Virginia, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Fernald, M. L. 1950. Rhodora. 52: 67.
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Isotype for Amelanchier stolonifera var. lucida Fernald
Catalog Number: US 1104278
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): M. L. Fernald & A. S. Pease
Locality: Middleton., Nova Scotia, Canada, North America
  • Isotype: Fernald, M. L. 1922. Rhodora. 23: 267.
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Wikipedia

Amelanchier canadensis

For the candy, see sugar plum.

Amelanchier canadensis (Canadian serviceberry, chuckleberry, currant-tree,[1] Juneberry, Shadblow Serviceberry, Shadblow, Shadbush, Shadbush Serviceberry, Sugarplum, Thicket Serviceberry) is a species of Amelanchier native to eastern North America in Canada from Newfoundland west to southern Ontario, and in the United States from Maine south to Alabama. It is largely restricted to wet sites, particularly on the Atlantic Coastal Plain, growing at altitudes from sea level up to 200 m.[2][3][4]

Growth[edit]

It is a deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 0.5–8 m tall with one to many stems and a narrow, fastigiate crown. The leaves are alternate, simple, ovate to ovate-oblong, 1–5.5 cm long and 1.8–2.8 cm broad with a rounded to sub-acute apex; they are downy below, and have a serrated margin and an 8–15 mm petiole. The flowers are produced in early spring in loose racemes 4–6 cm long at the ends of the branches; each raceme has four to ten flowers. The flower has five white petals 7.6–11 mm long and 2–4 mm broad, and 20 stamens. The fruit is a pome, 7–10 mm diameter, dark purple when ripe; it is edible and sweet. Fruits become ripe in June and July[3][4] in its native range.

Uses[edit]

It is used as a medicinal plant,[5] food, and ornamental plant.[6] It is sometimes made into bonsai.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amelanchier spp. Family: Rosaceae Serviceberry Center for Wood Anatomy Research, USDA Forest Service
  2. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Amelanchier canadensis
  3. ^ a b University of Maine: Amelanchier canadensis var. canadensis
  4. ^ a b University of Maine: Amelanchier canadensis var. obovalis
  5. ^ Plants For A Future: Amelanchier canadensis
  6. ^ Bailey, L. H. (2005). Manual of Gardening. (Second Edition) Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation. 
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