The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Balderson, J. 1984. Catalogue of Australian Mantodea. CSIRO Technical Paper No. 23.
  • Balderson, J. and K. H. L. Key. 1991. Mantodea (Praying mantids). Pages 348-356 in Insects of Australia: A Textbook for Students and Research Workers. Volume I. Second Edition. I. D. Naumann, P. B. Carne, J. F. Lawrence, E. S. Nielsen, J. P. Spradberry, R. W. Taylor, M. J. Whitten and M. J. Littlejohn eds. Carlton, Victoria, Melbourne University Press.
  • Beckman, N. and L. E. Hurd. 2003. Pollen feeding and fitness in Praying Mantids: The vegetarion side of a tritrophic predator. Environmental Entomology 32:881-885.
  • Beier, M. 1964. Blattopteroidea Mantodea. Pages 829-970 in Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs 5.
  • Beier, M. 1968. 12. Ordnung Mantodea (Fangheuschrecken). Pages 1-47 in Handbuch der Zoologie 4(2) 2/12. J.-G. Helmcke, D. Starck, and H. Wermuth, eds. de Gruyter, Berlin.
  • Bullock, William. 1812. A companion to the London Museum and Pantherion. may be downloaded from:
  • Béthoux, O. and F. Wieland. 2009. Evidence for Carboniferous origin of the order Mantodea (Insecta: Dictyoptera) gained from forewing morphology. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156(1):79-113.
  • Ehrmann, R. 2002. Mantodea: Gottesanbeterinnen der Welt. Natur und Tier, Münster.
  • Ehrmann, Reinhard (2002) (in German). Mantodea Gottesanbeterinnen der Welt. Münster: Natur und Tier-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-931587-60-4.
  • Essig, Edward Oliver. 1947. College entomology. New York: Macmillan Company. pp. 124,900. OCLC 809878. Retrieved 2010-03-10.
  • Grimaldi, D. 2003. A revision of Cretaceous mantises and their relationships, including new taxa (Insecta: Dictyoptera: Mantodea). American Museum Novitates 3412:1-47.
  • Grimaldi, D. and M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press.
  • Harper, Douglas. 2001-2012 "mantis". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 21 November 2008.
  • Kaltenback, A. P. 1996. Unterlagen für eine Monographie der Mantodea des südlichen Afrika: 1. Artenbestand, geographische Verbreitung und Ausbreitungsgrenzen (Insecta: Mantodea). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 98B:193-346.
  • Kaltenback, A. P. 1998. Unterlagen fur eine Monographie der Mantodea (Insecta) des südlichen Afrika: 2. Bestimmungstabellen für die höheren Taxa, Nachträge zum Artenbestand. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 100B:19-59.
  • Klass, K. D. 1997. The external male genitalia and the phylogeny of Blattaria and Mantodea. Bonner zoologische Monographien 42:1-341.
  • Lelito, J. P. and W. D. Brown (2006b), Complicity or Conflict over Sexual Cannibalism? Male Risk Taking in the Praying Mantis Tenodera aridifolia sinensis. The American Naturalist 168:263-269.
  • Lelito, J. P. and W. D. Brown (2006a) Sexual conflict in a praying mantis. The American Naturalist 168 [1].
  • Liske, E. and W. J. Davis. 1984. Sexual behavior of the Chinese Praying Mantis. Animal Behaviour 32:916-917.
  • Lombardo, F. 1997. New and little known Mantodea from eastern and central southern Africa. Journal of Orthoptera Research 6:69-81.
  • Lombardo, F. and B. Agabiti. 2001. The mantids from Ecuador, with some biogeographic considerations. Journal of Orthoptera Research 10(1):89-104.
  • Maes, J.-M. and R. Roy. 1999. Orden Mantodea. In Maes, J.-M., Insectos de Nicaragua vol. I., Setab, Bosawas, Marena, Managna: 60-63, 2 fig.
  • Marshall, J. A. 1975. A catalogue of the primary types of Mantodea (Dictyoptera) in the British Museum (Natural History). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology, 31 (8):309-329.
  • Mukherjee, T. K., A. K. Hazra, and A. K. Ghosh. 1995. The mantid fauna of India (Insecta: Mantodea). Oriental-Insects 29:185-358.
  • National Geographic Society. "Praying Mantis". Retrieved January 2011.
  • O'Toole, Christopher (2002). Firefly Encyclopedia of Insects and Spiders. Firefly. ISBN 1-55297-612-2.
  • Otte, Daniel; Spearman, Lauren. "Mantodea Species File Online". Retrieved 2012-07-17.
  • Partington, Charles F. 1837. The british cyclopedia of natural history. Pub: W.S.Orr
  • Preston-Mafham, K. 1990. Grasshoppers and Mantids of the World. Blandford, London. 192 pp.
  • Prete, F. R., H. Wells, P. H. Wells, and L. E. Hurd, eds. 1999. The Praying Mantids. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, London.
  • Prete, Fredrick R. (1999). The praying mantids. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University. pp. 27–29,101–103. ISBN 0-8018-6174-8.
  • Ramsey, G. W. 1990. Mantodea (Insecta): with a review of aspects of functional morphology and biology. Fauna of New Zealand 19:1-96.
  • Roy, R. 1987. General observations on the systematics of Mantodea. Pages 483-488 in Evolutionary Biology of Orthopteroid Insect. B. Baccetti), ed. Halsted Press (John Wiley & Sons), New York.
  • Roy, R. 1999. Morphology and taxonomy. Pages 19-40 in The Praying Mantids. F. R. Prete, H. Wells, P. H. Wells, and L. E. Hurd, eds. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, London.
  • Svenson, G.J. and M.F. Whiting. 2004. Phylogeny of Mantodea based on molecular data: evolution of a charismatic predator. Systematic Entomology 29(3): 342-352.
  • Terra, P. S. 1995. Revisao sistematica dos generos de louva-a-deus da regiao Neotropical (Mantodea). [Systematics of the Neotropical genera of praying mantis (Mantodea).] Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 39(1):13-94.
  • Tindale, N. B. 1923. Review of Australian Mantidae. Records of the South Australian Museum 2:425-457.
  • Vrsansky, P. 2002. Origin and the early evolution of mantises. AMBA Projekty 6(1):1-16.
  • Wang, T. 1993. Synopsis on the Classification of Mantodea from China. Shanghai Scientific and Technological, Literature Publishing House, Shanghai.


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