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Different tamarin species vary considerably in appearance, ranging from nearly all black through mixtures of black, brown and white. Mustache-like facial hairs are typical for many species. Their body size ranges from 13 to 30 cm (plus a 25 to 44 cm long tail) and they weigh from 220 to 900 grams. Tamarins differ from marmosets primarily in having lower canine teeth that are clearly longer than the incisors. In captivity, tamarins can live for up to 18 years.
Behavior and reproduction
Tamarins are inhabitants of tropical rainforests and open forest areas. They are diurnal and arboreal, and run and jump quickly through the trees. Tamarins live together in groups of up to 40 members consisting of one or more families. More frequently, though, groups are composed of just three to nine members.
Gestation is typically 140 days, and births are normally twins. The adult males, subadults, and juveniles in the group assist with caring for the young, bringing them to their mother to nurse. After approximately one month the young begin to eat solid food, although they aren't fully weaned for another two to three months. They reach full maturity in their second year. Tamarins are almost exclusively polyandrous.
- Genus Saguinus
- S. midas group
- S. nigricollis group
- Black-mantled tamarin, Saguinus nigricollis
- Graells's tamarin, Saguinus graellsi
- Brown-mantled tamarin or saddle-back tamarin, Saguinus fuscicollis
- Spix's saddle-back tamarin, Saguinus fuscicollis fuscicollis
- Geoffroy's saddle-back tamarin, Saguinus fuscicollis nigrifrons
- Illiger's saddle-back tamarin, Saguinus fuscicollis illigeri
- Andean saddle-back tamarin, Saguinus fuscicollis leucogenys
- Red-mantle saddle-back tamarin, Saguinus fuscicollis lagonotus
- Saguinus fuscicollis fuscus
- Avila Pires' saddle-back tamarin, Saguinus fuscicollis avilapiresi
- Weddell's saddle-back tamarin, Saguinus fuscicollis weddelli
- Cruz Lima's saddle-back tamarin, Saguinus fuscicollis cruzlimai
- Saddle-back tamarin, Saguinus fuscicollis primitivus
- Mura's saddle-back tamarin, Saguinus fuscicollis mura
- White-mantled tamarin, Saguinus melanoleucus
- Golden-mantled tamarin, Saguinus tripartitus
- S. mystax group
- S. bicolor group
- S. oedipus group
- S. inustus group
- Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M, eds. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 133–136. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.
- Garber PA, Estrada A, Bicca-Marques JC, Heymann EW, Strier KB, ed. (2009). "The Diversity of the New World Primates (Platyrrhini)". Springer. pp. 23–54. ISBN 978-0-387-78704-6.
- Gregorin, R.; De Vivo, M. 2013: Revalidation of Saguinus ursula Hoffmannsegg (Primates: Cebidae: Callitrichinae). Zootaxa, 3721(2): 172-182. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3721.2.4