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Leguminosae -- Legume family

    Roger G. Skolmen

    Kiawe (Prosopis pallida), also known as algarroba or  bayahonda, is one of the 44 species of Prosopis recognized. The  genus has a confused taxonomy. Burkart's revision, used here,  assigns the designation P. pallida to the species  introduced into Puerto Rico and elsewhere in the Caribbean  formerly called P. juliflora. Prosopis  glandulosa, mesquite, also formerly included in P. juliflora  and four to six other species grow as shrubs or trees over an  extensive area of the Southwestern United States and Northern  Mexico (2,7,10).

    More than 60 700 ha (150,000 acres) of dry kiawe forests in Hawaii  are descended from a single tree planted in 1828 at the corner of  a church in Honolulu. That year, Father Bachelot, the  first Catholic priest in the Hawaiian Islands, planted a tree  that he had raised from a seed he had brought with him from  Paris. The tree was later determined to be Prosopis pallida. In  August 1832, the tree was found to be hearing fruit. By 1840,  progeny of the tree had become the principal shade trees of  Honolulu and were already spreading to dry, leeward plains on all  of the islands (3,8,12).

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Roger G. Skolmen

Source: Silvics of North America

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