Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Global Range: New Mexico (4 cos.), Arizona, and n. Mexico.

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Physical Description

Morphology

Physical Description

Perennial, Shrubs, Stems woody below, or from woody crown or caudex, Taproot present, Nodules present, Stems erect or ascending, Stems less than 1 m tall, Plants gland-dotted or with gland-tipped hairs, Stems solid, Stems or young twigs sparsely to densely hairy, Stem hairs hispid to villous, Leaves alternate, Leaves petiolate, Stipules inconspicuous, absent, or caducous, Stipules setiform, subulate or acicular, Stipules deciduous, Stipules free, Leaves compound, Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate, Leaves odd pinnate, Leaf or leaflet margins entire, Leaflets opposite, Leaflets 3, Leaflets 5-9, Leaves glabrous or nearly so, Inflorescences spikes or spike-like, Inflorescence terminal, Bracts conspicuously present, Bracteoles present, Calyx 5-lobed, Calyx hairy, Petals separate, Corolla papilionaceous, Petals clawed, Petals white, Banner petal narrow or oblanceolate, Banner petal ovoid or obovate, Wing petals narrow, oblanceolate to oblong, Wing tips obtuse or rounded, Keel tips obtuse or rounded, not beaked, Stamens 9-10, Stamens monadelphous, unit ed below, Filaments glabrous, Style terete, Fruit a legume, Fruit unilocular, Fruit indehiscent, Fruit elongate, straight, Fruit oblong or ellipsoidal, Fruit enclosed in calyx, Fruit glabrous or glabrate, Fruit hairy, Fruit gland-dotted or with gland-tipped hairs, Fruit 1-seeded, Seeds reniform, Seeds cordiform, mit-shaped, notched at one end, Seed surface smooth, Seeds olive, brown, or black.
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Dr. David Bogler

Source: USDA NRCS PLANTS Database

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Type Information

Isotype; Isotype for Thornbera villosa Rydb.
Catalog Number: US 497201
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): D. Griffiths & J. J. Thornber
Year Collected: 1902
Locality: Santa Rita Mts., Arizona, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Tidestrom, I. F. 1941. Fl. Arizona & New Mexico. 183.; Isotype: Rydberg, P. A. 1920. N. Amer. Fl. 24 (2): 118.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Isotype for Parosela watsonii Rose
Catalog Number: US 1416338
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): E. Palmer
Year Collected: 1885
Locality: Frayles., Chihuahua, Mexico, North America
  • Isotype: Rose, J. N. 1906. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 10: 106.
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Holotype for Parosela watsonii Rose
Catalog Number: US 24472
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): E. Palmer
Year Collected: 1885
Locality: Frayles., Chihuahua, Mexico, North America
  • Holotype: Rose, J. N. 1906. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 10: 106.
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Holotype for Thornbera leucantha Rydb.
Catalog Number: US 333023
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): E. W. Nelson
Year Collected: 1898
Locality: Near Providencia., Durango, Mexico, North America
Elevation (m): 1981 to 2438
  • Holotype: Rydberg, P. A. 1920. N. Amer. Fl. 24: 118.
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Isotype for Dalea gentryi Standl.
Catalog Number: US 1689692
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): H. S. Gentry
Year Collected: 1935
Locality: Arroyo Hondo, Sierra Charuco., Chihuahua, Mexico, North America
  • Isotype: Standley, P. C. 1940. Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 22: 26.
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Type collection for Dalea albiflora A. Gray
Catalog Number: US 125245
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): C. Wright
Year Collected: 1851
Locality: San Pedro and Barbocomori., Sonora, Mexico, North America
  • Type collection: Gray, A. 1853. Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 5 (6): 38.
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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Open slopes, 3500-7500 ft (Martin and Hutchins, 1980, Kearney and Peebles, 1960).

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Dalea albiflora

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Dalea albiflora

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure

Reasons: Moderately widespread, and occurs through a wide range of altitudes.

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Wikipedia

Dalea albiflora

Dalea albiflora (Scruffy Prairie Clover, Whiteflower Prairie Clover) is a perennial subshrub or herb of the subfamily Faboideae in the Pea Family-(Fabaceae). It is found in the southwestern United States and Northwestern Mexico in the states of Arizona, New Mexico, Sonora, and Chihuahua.

Whiteflower Prairie Clover is a low-lying subshrub with horizontal spreading gray-green pinnate leaves. The flowers are vertical with multiple inflorescences; both flowers and leaves are extremely oily and resinous, and leave perfume-like odors on any surface: hands, boots, etc.

Western Sonoran Desert specifics[edit]

In the western Sonoran Desert of southwest Arizona, Scruffy Prairie Clover can be found throughout flatland mesas. It is also found in mountainous regions, for example the Muggins Mountains Wilderness on south and southwest facing ridgelines and flats.

References[edit]

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