The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Botanical Gazette 28(4): 271. 1899. (Bot. Gaz.)
  • Crataegus in Missouri 118–119. 1908. (Crataegus Missouri)
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Isotype: Kruschke, E. P. 1965. Milwaukee Public Mus. Publ. Bot. 3: 26.
  • Medik. 1793. In: Gesch. Bot. 83
  • Nomenclator Botanicus. Editio secunda 1: 432. 1840. (Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2))
  • Type collection: Laughlin, K. 1956. Man. Hawthorns Cook & Du Page Counties ser. III. 9.
  • Wilson K.L. & Berendsohn W.G. (eds) (2015). IOPI Global Plant Checklist (version 10.0, Aug 2007). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.


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