Overview

Brief Summary

The Woodland Brown is found on warm, open places in damp or mesic, deciduous or mixed woods with well-developed shrub and herbaceous layers. These habitats may be flooded in winter. The butterflies rarely visit flowers, preferring to feed on honeydew, moisture on buds and sap that runs from wounded trees. The males often settle on puddles on the ground, while the females tend to stay in the higher scrub. Females and caterpillars are restricted to a narrow zone under the tree and bush canopy along the edges of clearings where the host plant must be present. Eggs are laid on all species of grasses, mostly on false-bromes (Brachypodium spp.) but also on fescues (Festuca spp.), meadow-grasses (Poa spp.), small-reeds (Calamagrostis spp.) and on Sedges (Carex spp.). The half-grown caterpillar hibernates in a grass tussock, where later in the year it also pupates. The Woodland Brown has one generation a year. Habitats: broad-leaved deciduous forests (45%), mixed woodland (29%), alluvial and very wet forests and brush (8%), coniferous woodland (5%).

  • Bergman KO (1996) Oviposition, host plant choice and survival of a grass feeding butterfly, the Woodland Brown (Lopinga achine); (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 35: 9-21.
  • Bergman KO (1999) Habitat utilization by Lopinga achine (Nymphalidae : Satyrinae) larvae and ovipositing females: implications for conservation. Biological Conservation 88: 69-74.
  • Bergman KO (2000) Oviposition, host plant choice and survival of a grass feeding butterfly, the Woodland Brown (Lopinga achine) (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 35: 9-21.
  • Bergman KO (2001) Population dynamics and the importance of habitat management for conservation of the butterfly Lopinga achine. Journal of Applied Ecology 38: 1303-1313.
  • Bergman KO, Kindvall O (2004) Population viability analysis of the butterfly Lopinga achine in a changing landscape in Sweden. Ecography 27: 49-58.
  • Bergman KO, Landin J (2001) Distribution of occupied and vacant sites and migration of Lopinga achine (Nymphalidae : Satyrinae) in a fragmented landscape. Biological Conservation 102: 183-190.
  • Bergman KO, Landin J (2002) Population structure and movements of a threatened butterfly (Lopinga achine) in a fragmented landscape in Sweden. Biological Conservation 108: 361-369.
  • García-Barros E, Munguira ML, Martín Cano J (2006) Lopinga achine (Scopoli, 1763). In: Verdú JR, Galante E (Eds). Libro Rojo de los Invertebrados de España. Dirección General para la Biodiversidad, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Madrid: 243-244.
  • Jutzeler D (1990) Zur Bedeutung von Pfeifengrasarten (Molinia spp.) als Existenzgrundlage von Lopinga achine (Scopoli, 1763) und Coenonympha tullia (Müller, 1764); (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Mitteilungen aus der Entomologischen Gesellschaft Basel, N F 40: 94-110.
  • Konvička M, Novak J, Beneš J, Fric Z, Bradley J, Keil P, Hrcek J, Chobot K, Marhoul P (2008b) The last population of the Woodland Brown butterfly (Lopinga achine) in the Czech Republic: habitat use, demography and site management. Journal of Insect Conservation 12: 549-560. doi: 10.1007/s10841-007-9087-4
  • Koschuh A (2008) Neues zu Verbreitung, Lebensraum und Lebensweise von Lopinga achine (SCOPOLI, 1763) (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae) in der Steiermark und angrenzenden Gebieten. Beiträge zur Entomofaunistik 9: 107-122.
  • Mortera H, García-Barros E, Romo H, Munguira ML, Martín Cano J, Lamata F (2011) Lopinga achine (Scopoli, 1763). In: Verdú JR, Numa C, Galante E (Eds). Atlas y Libro Rojo de los Invertebrados amenazados de España (Especies Vulnerables). Dirección General de Medio Natural y Política Forestal, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Medio Rural y Marino, Madrid: 478-483.
  • Seidler F (2007) Der Gelbringfalter Lopinga achine (Scopoli, 1763) am Unteren Lech. Berichte des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Schwaben 111: 78-87.
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Comprehensive Description

Cette espèce fait l'objet d'un projet de sciences participatives en relation avec l'INPN et mené en partenariat avec Noé Conservation (www.biodiversite-foret.fr).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lopinga achine

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 97
Specimens with Barcodes: 112
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Lopinga achine

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 9 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

TGAGCAGGAATAGTAGGAACATCCCTCAGTCTTATTATTCGAACCGAATTAGGAAATCCAGGATTTTTAATTGGAGAT---GATCAAATTTATAATACTATTGTAACAGCTCATGCTTTCATTATAATTTTTTTCATAGTTATACCTATTATAATTGGAGGTTTTGGCAATTGATTAATCCCCCTTATATTAGGGGCCCCCGACATAGCTTTCCCCCGAATAAATAATATAAGTTTTTGACTTTTACCCCCCTCCTTGATTTTATTAATTTCAAGTAGTATTGTCGAAAATGGAGCAGGAACAGGATGAACTGTCTACCCACCTCTTTCATCTAACATCGCTCATGGAGGATCTTCTGTTGACTTAGCAATTTTTTCCTTGCACTTAGCTGGTATTTCATCAATTTTAGGAGCTATTAATTTTATTACAACGATTATTAATATACGAATTAATAATATATCCTATGATCAAATACCTCTATTTGTATGAGCTGTTGGANTCACAGCCCTGTTACTTTTACTTTCTTTACCTGTTTTAGCTGGAGCTATTACAATATTATTAACAGATCGAAATTTAAATACTTCATTTTTTGACCCAGCTGGANAC---------------------------------------------------------ATTTTAATTTTACCAGGATTTGGTATAGTATCTCATATTATTTCCCAAGAAAGAGGTAAAAAAGAAACATTTGGATCTTTAGGTATAATTTACGCAATATTAGCAATTGGATTATTAGGATTTATTGTTTGAGCCCATCATATATTTACAGTAGGAATAGACATTGATACTCGAG
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Wikipedia

Lopinga achine

The Woodland Brown (Lopinga achine) is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. The species is widely distributed, but uncommon and local in continental Europe. Most of the suitable habitats for the species have been transformed to gardening. The Woodland Brown may be found in warm openings of damp unmanaged mature forests.

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