Overview

Brief Summary

The Corsican Fritillary is a nymphalid butterfly endemic to the mountains of the Mediterranean Islands of Corsica and Sardinia. Adults forage for nectar on thistles and flowering bramble bushes. The larvae feed on violets (genus Viola). The natural history of the species is poorly known (Biotope 2007, Jutzeler et al. 1997, van Swaay et al. 2012). Due to its restricted range, the species was listed in Appendix II of the Bern Convention (Council of Europe 1979).

Argynnis elisa is a small to medium-sized fritillary. The base color of the wings is tawny orange with a broad, dark marginal band. The upper hindwing has only a few dark brown spots, and the hindwing underside has numerous small silver spots and a row of tiny dark eyespots with a white center. Males are generally brighter than females and lack an androconial spot (Biotope 2007, Higgins & Riley 1988). The eggs are purple and pyramid-shaped. The caterpillar is black and covered with long, branched tubercules. The pupa is brown, dotted with dark spots (Biotope 2007).

  • Biotope (2007) Papillons de l’annexe IV de la Directive 92/43/CEE dite «Directive Habitats». Fiche Le Nacré tyrrhénien. Ministère de l’écologie, du développement et de l’aménagement durables.
  • Council of Europe (1979) Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats. [Text of Convention]
  • Higgins LG, Riley ND (1980) A field guide to the butterflies of Britain and Europe. Collins.
  • Jutzeler D, Leigheb G, Bros Ed (1997) Écologie et élevage de Fabriciana elisa (Godart, 1823), endémique de Sardaigne et de Corse (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Linneana belgica 16: 63-69.
  • van Swaay C, Collins S, Dušej G, Maes D, Munguira M, Rakosy L, Ryrholm N, Šašić M, Settele J, Thomas J, Verovnik R, Verstrael T, Warren M, Wiemers M, Wynhoff I (2012) Dos and Don’ts for butterflies of the Habitats Directive of the European Union. Nature Conservation 1: 73-153. doi: 10.3897/natureconservation.1.2786
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Distribution

Range Description

Occurs in all mountainous areas of Corsica and Sardinia. On Corsica, common in the central mountains and on the mountain l'Incudine, on Sardinia in Monti del Gennargentu. Found at altitudes from 800-1,800 m. This is a European endemic species.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The Corsican Fritillary is a mountain butterfly, found on grassy vegetation in clearings in deciduous woods. The small caterpillars hatch out in spring and begin to feed on violets, preferring plants growing under juniper bushes. Among the foodplants mentioned in the literature are various Viola species, such as Wild Pansy (V. tricolor), Yellow Wood Violet (V. biflora), Pale Wood Violet (V. reichenbachiana) and V. corsica. The Corsican Fritillary has one generation a year. Habitats: dry calcareous grasslands and steppes (50%), broad-leaved deciduous forests (50%).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Argynnis elisa

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
van Swaay, C., Wynhoff, I., Verovnik, R., Wiemers, M., López Munguira, M., Maes, D., Sasic, M., Verstrael, T., Warren, M. & Settele, J.

Reviewer/s
Lewis, O. (Butterfly RLA) & Cuttelod, A. (IUCN Red List Unit)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is listed as Least Concern, since it has not been declining by more than 25% in the last ten years and its population size is probably larger than 10,000 adult individuals.
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Population

Population
A local species, restricted to (semi-) natural areas.

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
Although this is a European endemic with a restricted range, this species is not believed to face major threats at the European level.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The species is listed on the Habitats Directive Annex 4 and Bern Convention Annex 2. This species occurs in a number of protected areas across its range. No specific conservation actions are needed at a European level. However, since it has a restricted global range, its distribution and trend should be monitored closely, for example by a Butterfly Monitoring Scheme.
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Wikipedia

Argynnis elisa

The Corsican Fritillary (Argynnis elisa) is a butterfly of the Nymphalidae family. It is found on Corsica and Sardinia.[1] This is a mountain butterfly, found on grassy vegetation in clearings in deciduous woods.

The wingspan is 45–60 mm. Adults are on wing from July to August.[2]

The larvae feed on Viola species, including Viola tricolor, Viola biflora, Viola reichenbachiana and Viola corsica. They prefer plants growing under juniper bushes.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fabriciana at funet
  2. ^ European Butterflies and Moths
  3. ^ C. Van Swaay et al. (2012). "Dos and Don'ts for butterflies of the Habitats Directive of the European Union". Nature Conservation 1: 73. doi:10.3897/natureconservation.1.2786. 


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