Overview

Comprehensive Description

Taxonomic History

Taxonomic history

Senior synonym of Crematogaster chacoana, Crematogaster erici, Crematogaster ornatipilis, Crematogaster suturalis: Longino, 2003A PDF: 30.
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Biology

Natural History:

Crematogaster abstinens occurs in wet or dry forest habitats, but is more common in the latter. I have never collected this species myself and have no first-hand knowledge of its biology. It has been taking by sweeping on Barro Colorado Island, and by sweeping at night in Brazil (Mato Grosso). Ward collected ground foragers in Bolivia.

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Crematogaster abstinens Forel HNS 1899

Plate 7

Crematogaster abstinens Forel HNS 1899:85. Syntype worker: Panama , Pena Blanca ( Champion ) [ label: V. de Chiriqui , 2-3000ft , Champion ] [ MHNG ] (examined). Emery 1922:133: combination in C. (Orthocrema) HNS .

Crematogaster pygmaea Forel HNS , 1904a:37. Syntype worker: Brazil , Ceará ( Diaz da Rocha ) [ MHNG ] (examined). Emery, 1922:135: combination in C. (Orthocrema) HNS . Forel, 1909:259: variety of brevispinosa HNS . Forel, 1912:235; Emery, 1922:135: revived status as species. NEW SYNONYMY

Crematogaster abstinens var. suturalis Forel HNS , 1912:216. Syntype workers: Venezuela , Zig Zag, between La Guayra and Caracas ( Forel ) [ MHNG ] (examined). Emery, 1922:133: combination in C. (Orthocrema) HNS . NEW SYNONYMY

Crematogaster ornatipilis Wheeler, W.M. HNS 1918:25. Syntype workers: Guyana , near penal settlements in Bartica District , 15- 20 Sep 1917 , beaten from vegetation ( Beebe ) [ MCZC ] (examined). Emery, 1922:135: combination in C. (Orthocrema) HNS . NEW SYNONYMY

Crematogaster (Orthocrema) quadriformis st. erici Santschi HNS , 1929a:291. Syntype workers: Argentina , Córdoba , Alta Gracia, La Granja ( C. Bruch ) [ NHMB ] (examined). NEW SYNONYMY

Crematogaster (Orthocrema) abstinens st. chacoana Santschi HNS , 1933:111, fig. 6. Holotype worker: Argentina , Chaco , Charata ( J. Bosq ) No.1775 [ NHMB ] (examined). NEW SYNONYMY

Range

Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana, Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina.

Description of worker

Color red brown.

Head subquadrate, flattened to weakly emarginate posteriorly; mandibles shiny, smooth, with coarse elongate piligerous puncta; face smooth and highly polished medially, punctate on malar space and between antennal insertion and eye, with a few concentric rugulae around antennal insertion; scapes with abundant long subdecumbent pubescence, lacking differentiated long, erect setae; antennal club 2-segmented; anterior border of clypeus shallowly convex; clypeus shiny, smooth medially, with longitudinal rugulae laterally; face with dense stubble of 40-50 short, flattened, amber setae; face setae distinctly curved or slanted toward median axis; ventral surface of head smooth and shiny with sparse suberect to subdecumbent pilosity.

In lateral view, dorsal profile of pronotum, mesonotum, and propodeum forming a continuous curve; dorsal and posterior faces of propodeum in same plane, sloping to petiolar insertion; propodeal spines projecting posterodorsally; propodeal spiracle relatively large; pronotal dorsum largely smooth and shining with faint longitudinal carinulae; mesonotal dorsum with weak, longitudinal carinulae laterally, smooth and shiny medially; propodeal suture strongly impressed medially but less visible in side view because lateral mesonotal carinulae continue onto dorsal face of propodeum; mesonotal carinulae usually have slight tooth at propodeal suture; long flat posterodorsal face of propodeum punctate anteriorly, smooth and shiny posteriorly; propodeal spines short, thin, and sharp; side of pronotum and dorsolateral propodeum smooth and shining; katepisternum and ventrolateral propodeum punctate; promesonotum with about 15 straight, stiff setae of subequal length, those on humeri longest, approximately 0.17mm long; propodeal spine with one seta at base, subequal in length to spine; legs with sparse, appressed to subdecumbent pilosity and no erect setae.

Petiole in side view trapezoidal; side densely punctate; lacking anteroventral tooth or angle; dorsal face short, wider than long, with convex sides, widest at midlength, faintly microareolate or smooth and shining; posterolateral tubercles low, not at all elevated above posterodorsal margin of tergite, each with a long, stiff seta; postpetiole in dorsal view much wider than long, with slight posterior emargination; anterolateral margins of postpetiolar node dropping abruptly to short, cylindrical neck of helcium; ventral margin of postpetiole with small rounded lobe, lacking sharp anteroventral tooth; dorsum and sides of postpetiole with microareolate sculpture and with 6-8 stiff setae; fourth abdominal tergite with very faint, areolate microsculpture, shiny, with about 50 stiff erect setae evenly dispersed over surface.

A Bolivian collection is generally more robust and more heavily sculptured. The mandibles are striate rather than smooth, the face punctation extends posteriorly along medial border of eye, and the mesosoma is generally more punctate throughout.

Measurements

HL 0.561, 0.519, 0.648; HW 0.630, 0.567, 0.740; HC 0.594, 0.535, 0.700; SL 0.424, 0.398, 0.503; EL 0.152, 0.149, 0.201; A11L 0.217; A11W 0.102; A10L 0.094; A10W 0.092; A09L 0.048; A09W 0.072; A08L 0.041; A08W 0.057; WL 0.620, 0.570, 0.782; SPL 0.109, 0.100, 0.139; PTH 0.123, 0.114, 0.151; PTL 0.154, 0.187, 0.282; PTW 0.207, 0.177, 0.256; PPL 0.137, 0.126, 0.160; PPW 0.208, 0.175, 0.260; CI 112, 109, 114; OI 27, 29, 31; SI 76, 77, 78; PTHI 80, 61, 54; PTWI 134, 95, 91; PPI 152, 139, 163; SPI 18, 18, 18; ACI 1.02.

Queen

The queen of abstinens HNS is unknown.

Biology

Crematogaster abstinens HNS occurs in wet or dry forest habitats, but is more common in the latter. I have never collected this species myself and have no first-hand knowledge of its biology. It has been taking by sweeping on Barro Colorado Island, and by sweeping at night in Brazil (Mato Grosso). Ward collected ground foragers in Bolivia.

Comments

The combination of (1) shiny face, (2) subquadrate dorsal face of petiole, (3) appressed tibial pilosity, (4) very wide postpetiole, and (5) abundant short stiff setae on face that curve toward the median axis uniquely characterize this species. Crematogaster obscurata HNS is somewhat similar but has a punctate face.

I was able to compare directly the types of abstinens HNS , pygmaea HNS , and suturalis HNS with material that Bill and Emma Mackay collected in Colombia. They were all essentially identical. I examined the types of Wheeler's ornatipilis HNS prior to having additional material for comparison, but my notes and drawings are a close match to the Colombian material, and Wheeler himself considered the species close to abstinens HNS . The Bolivian material that I have for current examination was collected by Phil Ward after my examination of the types of chacoana HNS and erici HNS , both from Argentina. My museum notes for chacoana HNS and erici HNS describe specimens that were more robust and more heavily punctate than abstinens HNS from northern South America, thus matching the Bolivian specimens. Until more is known of character variation in South America, I am treating the more punctate forms as geographic variants of a broadly defined polytypic abstinens HNS .

  • Longino, J. T. (2003): The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica. Zootaxa 151, 1-150: 30-32, URL:http://antbase.org/ants/publications/20256/20256.pdf
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Distribution

Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina.

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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Taxonomic Treatment

Longino, J. T., 2003:
 Plate 7
 Crematogaster abstinens Forel 1899:85. Syntype worker: Panama , Peña Blanca ( Champion ) [ label: V. de Chiriquí , 2-3000ft , Champion ] [ MHNG ] (examined). Emery 1922:133: combination in Orthocrema) .
 Crematogaster pygmaea Forel , 1904a:37. Syntype worker: Brazil , Ceará ( Diaz da Rocha ) [ MHNG ] (examined). Emery, 1922:135: combination in Orthocrema) . Forel, 1909:259: variety of brevispinosa . Forel, 1912:235; Emery, 1922:135: revived status as species. NEW SYNONYMY
 Crematogaster abstinens var. suturalis Forel , 1912:216. Syntype workers: Venezuela , Zig Zag, between La Guayra and Caracas ( Forel ) [ MHNG ] (examined). Emery, 1922:133: combination in Orthocrema) . NEW SYNONYMY
 Crematogaster ornatipilis Wheeler, W.M. 1918:25. Syntype workers: Guyana , near penal settlements in Bartica District , 15- 20 Sep 1917 , beaten from vegetation ( Beebe ) [ MCZC ] (examined). Emery, 1922:135: combination in Orthocrema) . NEW SYNONYMY
 Crematogaster (Orthocrema) quadriformis st. erici Santschi , 1929a:291. Syntype workers: Argentina , Córdoba , Alta Gracia, La Granja ( C. Bruch ) [ NHMB ] (examined). NEW SYNONYMY
 Crematogaster (Orthocrema) abstinens st. chacoana Santschi , 1933:111, fig. 6. Holotype worker: Argentina , Chaco , Charata ( J. Bosq ) No.1775 [ NHMB ] (examined). NEW SYNONYMY
 Range
 Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana, Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina.
 Description of worker
 Color red brown.
 Head subquadrate, flattened to weakly emarginate posteriorly; mandibles shiny, smooth, with coarse elongate piligerous puncta; face smooth and highly polished medially, punctate on malar space and between antennal insertion and eye, with a few concentric rugulae around antennal insertion; scapes with abundant long subdecumbent pubescence, lacking differentiated long, erect setae; antennal club 2-segmented; anterior border of clypeus shallowly convex; clypeus shiny, smooth medially, with longitudinal rugulae laterally; face with dense stubble of 40-50 short, flattened, amber setae; face setae distinctly curved or slanted toward median axis; ventral surface of head smooth and shiny with sparse suberect to subdecumbent pilosity.
 In lateral view, dorsal profile of pronotum, mesonotum, and propodeum forming a continuous curve; dorsal and posterior faces of propodeum in same plane, sloping to petiolar insertion; propodeal spines projecting posterodorsally; propodeal spiracle relatively large; pronotal dorsum largely smooth and shining with faint longitudinal carinulae; mesonotal dorsum with weak, longitudinal carinulae laterally, smooth and shiny medially; propodeal suture strongly impressed medially but less visible in side view because lateral mesonotal carinulae continue onto dorsal face of propodeum; mesonotal carinulae usually have slight tooth at propodeal suture; long flat posterodorsal face of propodeum punctate anteriorly, smooth and shiny posteriorly; propodeal spines short, thin, and sharp; side of pronotum and dorsolateral propodeum smooth and shining; katepisternum and ventrolateral propodeum punctate; promesonotum with about 15 straight, stiff setae of subequal length, those on humeri longest, approximately 0.17mm long; propodeal spine with one seta at base, subequal in length to spine; legs with sparse, appressed to subdecumbent pilosity and no erect setae.
 Petiole in side view trapezoidal; side densely punctate; lacking anteroventral tooth or angle; dorsal face short, wider than long, with convex sides, widest at midlength, faintly microareolate or smooth and shining; posterolateral tubercles low, not at all elevated above posterodorsal margin of tergite, each with a long, stiff seta; postpetiole in dorsal view much wider than long, with slight posterior emargination; anterolateral margins of postpetiolar node dropping abruptly to short, cylindrical neck of helcium; ventral margin of postpetiole with small rounded lobe, lacking sharp anteroventral tooth; dorsum and sides of postpetiole with microareolate sculpture and with 6-8 stiff setae; fourth abdominal tergite with very faint, areolate microsculpture, shiny, with about 50 stiff erect setae evenly dispersed over surface.
 A Bolivian collection is generally more robust and more heavily sculptured. The mandibles are striate rather than smooth, the face punctation extends posteriorly along medial border of eye, and the mesosoma is generally more punctate throughout.
 Measurements
 HL 0.561, 0.519, 0.648; HW 0.630, 0.567, 0.740; HC 0.594, 0.535, 0.700; SL 0.424, 0.398, 0.503; EL 0.152, 0.149, 0.201; A11L 0.217; A11W 0.102; A10L 0.094; A10W 0.092; A09L 0.048; A09W 0.072; A08L 0.041; A08W 0.057; WL 0.620, 0.570, 0.782; SPL 0.109, 0.100, 0.139; PTH 0.123, 0.114, 0.151; PTL 0.154, 0.187, 0.282; PTW 0.207, 0.177, 0.256; PPL 0.137, 0.126, 0.160; PPW 0.208, 0.175, 0.260; CI 112, 109, 114; OI 27, 29, 31; SI 76, 77, 78; PTHI 80, 61, 54; PTWI 134, 95, 91; PPI 152, 139, 163; SPI 18, 18, 18; ACI 1.02.
 Queen
  The queen of abstinens is unknown.
 Biology
 Crematogaster abstinens occurs in wet or dry forest habitats, but is more common in the latter. I have never collected this species myself and have no first-hand knowledge of its biology. It has been taking by sweeping on Barro Colorado Island, and by sweeping at night in Brazil (Mato Grosso). Ward collected ground foragers in Bolivia.
 Comments
  The combination of (1) shiny face, (2) subquadrate dorsal face of petiole, (3) appressed tibial pilosity, (4) very wide postpetiole, and (5) abundant short stiff setae on face that curve toward the median axis uniquely characterize this species. Crematogaster obscurata is somewhat similar but has a punctate face.
  I was able to compare directly the types of abstinens , pygmaea , and suturalis with material that Bill and Emma Mackay collected in Colombia. They were all essentially identical. I examined the types of Wheeler's ornatipilis prior to having additional material for comparison, but my notes and drawings are a close match to the Colombian material, and Wheeler himself considered the species close to abstinens . The Bolivian material that I have for current examination was collected by Phil Ward after my examination of the types of chacoana and erici , both from Argentina. My museum notes for chacoana and erici describe specimens that were more robust and more heavily punctate than abstinens from northern South America, thus matching the Bolivian specimens. Until more is known of character variation in South America, I am treating the more punctate forms as geographic variants of a broadly defined polytypic abstinens .
 
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Plate 7

 

Crematogaster abstinens Forel 1899:85. Syntype worker: Panama , Peña Blanca ( Champion ) [ label: V. de Chiriquí , 2-3000ft , Champion ] [ MHNG ] (examined). Emery 1922:133: combination in C. (Orthocrema) .

 

Crematogaster pygmaea Forel , 1904a:37. Syntype worker: Brazil , Ceará ( Diaz da Rocha ) [ MHNG ] (examined). Emery, 1922:135: combination in C. (Orthocrema) . Forel, 1909:259: variety of brevispinosa . Forel, 1912:235; Emery, 1922:135: revived status as species. NEW SYNONYMY

 

Crematogaster abstinens var. suturalis Forel , 1912:216. Syntype workers: Venezuela , Zig Zag, between La Guayra and Caracas ( Forel ) [ MHNG ] (examined). Emery, 1922:133: combination in C. (Orthocrema) . NEW SYNONYMY

 

Crematogaster ornatipilis Wheeler, W.M. 1918:25. Syntype workers: Guyana , near penal settlements in Bartica District , 15- 20 Sep 1917 , beaten from vegetation ( Beebe ) [ MCZC ] (examined). Emery, 1922:135: combination in C. (Orthocrema) . NEW SYNONYMY

 

Crematogaster (Orthocrema) quadriformis st. erici Santschi , 1929a:291. Syntype workers: Argentina , Córdoba , Alta Gracia, La Granja ( C. Bruch ) [ NHMB ] (examined). NEW SYNONYMY

 

Crematogaster (Orthocrema) abstinens st. chacoana Santschi , 1933:111, fig. 6. Holotype worker: Argentina , Chaco , Charata ( J. Bosq ) No.1775 [ NHMB ] (examined). NEW SYNONYMY

 

Range

 

Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana, Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina.

 

Description of worker

 

Color red brown.

 

Head subquadrate, flattened to weakly emarginate posteriorly; mandibles shiny, smooth, with coarse elongate piligerous puncta; face smooth and highly polished medially, punctate on malar space and between antennal insertion and eye, with a few concentric rugulae around antennal insertion; scapes with abundant long subdecumbent pubescence, lacking differentiated long, erect setae; antennal club 2-segmented; anterior border of clypeus shallowly convex; clypeus shiny, smooth medially, with longitudinal rugulae laterally; face with dense stubble of 40-50 short, flattened, amber setae; face setae distinctly curved or slanted toward median axis; ventral surface of head smooth and shiny with sparse suberect to subdecumbent pilosity.

 

In lateral view, dorsal profile of pronotum, mesonotum, and propodeum forming a continuous curve; dorsal and posterior faces of propodeum in same plane, sloping to petiolar insertion; propodeal spines projecting posterodorsally; propodeal spiracle relatively large; pronotal dorsum largely smooth and shining with faint longitudinal carinulae; mesonotal dorsum with weak, longitudinal carinulae laterally, smooth and shiny medially; propodeal suture strongly impressed medially but less visible in side view because lateral mesonotal carinulae continue onto dorsal face of propodeum; mesonotal carinulae usually have slight tooth at propodeal suture; long flat posterodorsal face of propodeum punctate anteriorly, smooth and shiny posteriorly; propodeal spines short, thin, and sharp; side of pronotum and dorsolateral propodeum smooth and shining; katepisternum and ventrolateral propodeum punctate; promesonotum with about 15 straight, stiff setae of subequal length, those on humeri longest, approximately 0.17mm long; propodeal spine with one seta at base, subequal in length to spine; legs with sparse, appressed to subdecumbent pilosity and no erect setae.

 

Petiole in side view trapezoidal; side densely punctate; lacking anteroventral tooth or angle; dorsal face short, wider than long, with convex sides, widest at midlength, faintly microareolate or smooth and shining; posterolateral tubercles low, not at all elevated above posterodorsal margin of tergite, each with a long, stiff seta; postpetiole in dorsal view much wider than long, with slight posterior emargination; anterolateral margins of postpetiolar node dropping abruptly to short, cylindrical neck of helcium; ventral margin of postpetiole with small rounded lobe, lacking sharp anteroventral tooth; dorsum and sides of postpetiole with microareolate sculpture and with 6-8 stiff setae; fourth abdominal tergite with very faint, areolate microsculpture, shiny, with about 50 stiff erect setae evenly dispersed over surface.

 

A Bolivian collection is generally more robust and more heavily sculptured. The mandibles are striate rather than smooth, the face punctation extends posteriorly along medial border of eye, and the mesosoma is generally more punctate throughout.

 

Measurements

 

HL 0.561, 0.519, 0.648; HW 0.630, 0.567, 0.740; HC 0.594, 0.535, 0.700; SL 0.424, 0.398, 0.503; EL 0.152, 0.149, 0.201; A11L 0.217; A11W 0.102; A10L 0.094; A10W 0.092; A09L 0.048; A09W 0.072; A08L 0.041; A08W 0.057; WL 0.620, 0.570, 0.782; SPL 0.109, 0.100, 0.139; PTH 0.123, 0.114, 0.151; PTL 0.154, 0.187, 0.282; PTW 0.207, 0.177, 0.256; PPL 0.137, 0.126, 0.160; PPW 0.208, 0.175, 0.260; CI 112, 109, 114; OI 27, 29, 31; SI 76, 77, 78; PTHI 80, 61, 54; PTWI 134, 95, 91; PPI 152, 139, 163; SPI 18, 18, 18; ACI 1.02.

 

Queen

 

The queen of abstinens is unknown.

 

Biology

 

Crematogaster abstinens occurs in wet or dry forest habitats, but is more common in the latter. I have never collected this species myself and have no first-hand knowledge of its biology. It has been taking by sweeping on Barro Colorado Island, and by sweeping at night in Brazil (Mato Grosso). Ward collected ground foragers in Bolivia.

 

Comments

 

The combination of (1) shiny face, (2) subquadrate dorsal face of petiole, (3) appressed tibial pilosity, (4) very wide postpetiole, and (5) abundant short stiff setae on face that curve toward the median axis uniquely characterize this species. Crematogaster obscurata is somewhat similar but has a punctate face.

 

I was able to compare directly the types of abstinens , pygmaea , and suturalis with material that Bill and Emma Mackay collected in Colombia. They were all essentially identical. I examined the types of Wheeler's ornatipilis prior to having additional material for comparison, but my notes and drawings are a close match to the Colombian material, and Wheeler himself considered the species close to abstinens . The Bolivian material that I have for current examination was collected by Phil Ward after my examination of the types of chacoana and erici , both from Argentina. My museum notes for chacoana and erici describe specimens that were more robust and more heavily punctate than abstinens from northern South America, thus matching the Bolivian specimens. Until more is known of character variation in South America, I am treating the more punctate forms as geographic variants of a broadly defined polytypic abstinens .

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Crematogaster abstinens

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
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Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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