Overview

Brief Summary

North American Ecology (US and Canada)

Limenitis arthemis astyanax is resident to eastern Canada and the northeastern US., migratory to the west in some parts of its range. This is the southern sub-species of this species and mimics the pipevine swallowtail, with which it co-occurs. The northern subspecies, L. a. arthemis, does not mimic the pipevine and so shows a different color pattern (Scott 1986). Habitats are deciduous wooded areas. Host plants are trees species from families including Saliaceae, Betulaceae, Rosaceae, Fagaceae, Ulmaceae and Tiliaceae. Eggs are laid on the host plant singly. Individuals overwinter in a hibernaculum as third instar larvae. There is a variable number flights each year depending on latitude, with one flight approximately July15-Aug15 in the northern part of the range and multiple flights in the south between Mar 1-Nov. 30 (Scott 1986).
  • Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press.
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Distribution

occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Ecology

Associations

Flowering Plants Visited by Limenitis arthemis astyanax in Illinois

Limenitis arthemis astyanax Fabricius: Nymphalidae, Lepidoptera
(observations are from Robertson, Graenicher, Hilty, Fothergill & Vaughn; this butterfly is the Red-Spotted Purple)

Apiaceae: Eryngium yuccifolium sn (H), Pastinaca sativa sn (Rb); Asteraceae: Achillea millefolium sn (Gr), Aster furcatus sn (Gr), Aster lanceolatus sn (Gr), Aster lateriflorus sn (Rb), Bidens aristosa sn (Rb), Cirsium arvense sn (Gr), Euthamia graminifolia sn (Gr), Helianthus strumosus sn (Gr), Rudbeckia laciniata sn (Gr), Silphium perfoliatum sn (Rb); Caprifoliaceae: Symphoricarpos occidentalis sn (Gr); Cornaceae: Cornus obliqua sn (Rb); Polygonaceae: Persicaria hydropiperoides sn (FV)

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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Adults feed on sap, fruit, flower nectar, carrion, dung, honey-dew, decaying wood and other sources. Males perch and rarely patrol for females (Scott, 1986).
  • Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Limenitis arthemis astyanax

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Limenitis arthemis astyanax

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 7
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: T5 - Secure

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