|Combination in Cryptocerus (Cyathocephalus): Emery, 1915g PDF: 192; in Cryptocerus (Cyathomyrmex): Wheeler, 1937b PDF: 459; in Paracryptocerus (Cyathomyrmex): Smith, 1951c: 825; in Zacryptocerus: Smith, 1979: 1403; in Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999 PDF: 457.|
There is some question as to whether the Florida population of C. varians is native (e.g. Deyrup et al., 1988; Deyrup et al., 2000)or introduced (e.g. Wittenborn & Jeschke, 2011). The species is otherwise known only from the Bahamas and Cuba (De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999). Deyrup et al. (2000)refrained from classifying C. varians as introduced to Florida, arguing that the species may have been transported in floating trees, and dislodged mangroves in particular. Non-native Cephalotes species, including the widespread C. pusillus (Klug), are occasionally intercepted at US ports of entry.
USA: Florida. Considered native in Fisher & Cover (2007).
Caribbean: Bahamas, Cuba (type locality)
Cephalotes varians is a species of arboreal ant of the genus Cephalotes, characterized by an odd shaped head and the ability to "parachute" by steering their fall if they drop off of the tree they're on. Giving their name also as gliding ants.
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- Latreille, P.A. (1802). Histoire naturelle, generale et particuliere des crustaces et des insectes. Vol. 3. F. Dufart, Paris. 467 pp. PDF
- Yanoviak, S. P.; Munk, Y.; Dudley, R. (2011). "Evolution and Ecology of Directed Aerial Descent in Arboreal Ants". Integrative and Comparative Biology 51 (6): 944–956. doi:10.1093/icb/icr006. PMID 21562023.
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