Overview

Brief Summary

North American Ecology (US and Canada)

Melanis pixe is a stray into southern portions of the United States, and ranges south to Panama (Scott 1986). Habitats are subtropical. Host plants are tree Leguminosae, restricted to one species: Pithecellobium dulce There are multiple flights all year in s. Tex, but only after several years without frost so adults move north from Mex. the approximate flight time X depending on latitude **OR** X in the northern part of the range and X in the southern part of their range (Scott 1986).
  • Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press.
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Distribution

occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Breeding

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Global Range: (>2,500,000 square km (greater than 1,000,000 square miles)) Extreme southern Texas (colonized in 1970s) south to Yucatan; parts of Panama.

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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Thorn scrub; also, gardens and ornamental plantings, with its host, Pithecellobium dulce. Opler (1999) also indicates lowland tropical riparian forest.

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Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Population Biology

Number of Occurrences

Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.

Estimated Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300

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Global Abundance

10,000 to >1,000,000 individuals

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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Males patrol for females (Scott, 1986).
  • Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Melanis pixe

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Threats

Degree of Threat: D : Unthreatened throughout its range, communities may be threatened in minor portions of the range or degree of variation falls within natural variation

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Management

Global Protection: Unknown whether any occurrences are appropriately protected and managed

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Disclaimer

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