Reproduction in the Washington area takes place during spring and summer. During reproduction, the rear portion of the body of a number of species of Eunice breaks off as an independent, gamete-bearing individual called an epitoke which swims through the water releasing the gametes, while the anterior portion of the worm remains on the bottom. However, in this species the adults do not become anatomically specialized during reproduction. Females release yellow eggs about 1/3 mm in diameter.
Eunicids are the only polychaetes eaten regularly by humans (the Palolo worm Eunice viridis in Samoa and Fiji). The palolo worm has an epitoke which swarms during the last quarter of the moon and the lowest tides during October and November. Islanders gather the swarming epitokes for food.
This family builds only fragile parchment tubes if any.
- Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=sourcedetails&id=145453
Habitat: Intertidal, usually in tubes under rocks.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Eunice valens
There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank. Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species. See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen. Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Eunice valens
Public Records: 6
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1