The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • Avery, L. 2000. "Caenorhabditis elegans" (On-line). Accessed March 22, 2000 at
  • Bird, A., J. Bird. 1991. The Structure of Nematodes, Second Edition. New York: Academic Press, Inc..
  • Blaxter, M. 1999. "The Genetics of Caenorhabditis elegans" (On-line). Accessed March 22, 2000 at
  • Edgley, M. 1999. "Introduction to Caenorhabditis elegans" (On-line). Accessed March 22, 2000 at
  • Klass (1977) Aging in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans: major biological and environmental factors influencing life span. Mech Ageing Dev, 6:413-429.
  • Klass and Hirsh (1976) Non-ageing developmental variant of Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature, 260:523-525.
  • Lee, D., H. Atkinson. 1977. Physiology of Nematodes, Second Edition. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Malakhov, V. 1994. Nematodes: Structure, Development, Classification, and Phylogeny. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Muhlrad, P. 1998. "Worm Sperm" (On-line). Accessed March 22, 2000 at
  • Nicholas, W. 1975. The biology of free-living nematodes. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Troemel, E. 1999. Chemosensory signaling in C. elegans. BioEssays, 21: 1011-1020.
  • Vanaverbeke, J. (2015). Caenorhabditis elegans. In: Vanaverbeke J, Bezerra TN, Braeckman U, De Groote A, De Meester N, Deprez T, Derycke S, Gilarte P, Guilini K, Hauquier F, Lins L, Maria T, Moens T, Pape E, Smol N, Taheri M, Van Campenhout J, Vanreusel A, Wu X, Vincx M (2015). NeMys: World Database of Free-Living Marine Nematodes. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Wood, W. 1988. The Nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. New York: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.


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