The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, Stoetzel, M. B., 1989
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2008. website, Hymenoptera Name Server - 28-Jan-2008
  • Agricultural Research Service (ARS). 2003. Update: Hot on the trail of fire ants. Published in Agricultural Research Magazine, Vol. 51.
  • Allen C.R., Lutz R.S., and S. Demarais. 1995. Red imported fire ant impacts on northern bobwhite populations. Ecological Applications 5:632-638.
  • C. Chen, W. Gong, B. Hu, G. Zhou, and Y. Bao, “Potential establishment areas of Solenopsis invicta in China: A prediction based on GIS”, Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 2093-7, 2006.
  • Cohen P.R. 1992. Imported fire ant stings: clinical manifestations and treatment. Pediatric Determology 9:44-48.
  • Collins L., and R.H. Scheffrahn. 2005. Red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). UF/IFAS document EENY-195. Published: January 2001. Revised: August 2005.
  • Drees B.M. 1997. We're all on the same team when tracking fire ants. Available online.Hedges S.A.1997. Fire ants. Pp. 531-535 in: D. Moreland (Ed.). Handbook of Pest Control, 8th Ed. (Mallis Handbook and Technical Training Company.
  • G. E. Allen, W. F. Buren, R. N. Williams, M. de Menezes, and W. H. Whitcomb, “The red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta; distribution and habitat in Mato Grosso, Brazil”, Annals of the Entomological Society of America, vol. 67, pp. 43-46, 1974.
  • H. -long Qiu, L. -hua Lu, C. -yang Zhang, and Y. -rong He, “Pathogenicity of individual isolates of entomopathogenic fungi affects feeding preference of red imported fire ants Solenopsis invicta”, Biocontrol Science and Technology, pp. 1 - 17, 2014.   doi:10.1080/09583157.2014.933313 External link.
  • Holldobler B., and E.O. Wilson. 1990. The Ants. 165 p. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
  • Holway D.A., Lach L., Suarez A.V., Tsutsui N.D., and T.J Case. 2002. The causes and consequences of ant invasions. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 33:181-233.
  • International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 2001. OPINION 1976 (Case 3069): Solenopsis invicta Buren, 1972 (Insecta, Hymenoptera): specific name conserved. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, vol. 58, part 2
  • International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 2001. OPINION 1976 (Case 3069): Solenopsis invicta Buren, 1972 (Insecta, Hymenoptera): specific name conserved. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, vol. 58, part 2. 156-157
  • J. K. Wetterer, “Exotic spread of Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) beyond North America”, Sociobiology, vol. 60, no. 1, 2013.   doi:10.13102/sociobiology.v60i110.13102/sociobiology.v60i1.50-55 External link.
  • L. Wang, Y. Lu, Y. XU, and L. Zeng, “The current status of research on Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Mainland China”, Asian Myrmecology, vol. 5, pp. 125-138, 2012.
  • M. C. Mescher, K. G. Ross, D. D. Shoemaker, L. Keller, and M. J. B. Krieger, “Distribution of the two social forms of the fire ant Solenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the native South American range”, Annals of the Entomological Society of America, vol. 96, no. 6, pp. 810 - 817, 2003.   doi:10.1603/0013-8746(2003)096[0810:DOTTSF]2.0.CO;2 External link.
  • M. S. Ascunce et al., “Global Invasion History of the Fire Ant Solenopsis invicta”, Science, vol. 331, no. 6020, pp. 1066 - 1068, 2011.   doi:10.1126/science.1198734 External link.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • R. Zhang, Y. Li, N. Liu, and S. D. Porter, “An overview of the red imported fire ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Mainland China”, Florida Entomologist, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 723 - 731, 2007.   doi:10.1653/0015-4040(2007)90[723:AOOTRI]2.0.CO;2 External link.
  • S. Zhao, Y. Gao, T. Caelli, and F. Bracco, “An Automatic On-Site Fire Ant Screening System”, Digital Image Computing Techniques and Applications (DICTA), 2012 International Conference on. pp. 1-6, 2012.
  • Threat abatement plan to reduce the impacts of tramp ants on biodiversity in Australia and its territories. Canberra: Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006.
  • USDA. 1993. Fact sheet for the two species of imported fire ant: red imported fire ant Solenopsis invicta, black imported fire ant Solenopsis richteri. Document FACTS-03 PPQ.
  • Vinson S.B., and A.A. Sorensen. 1986. Imported fire ants: Life history and impact. Texas Department of Agriculture. Department of Entomology, Texas A and M University. College Station, TX.
  • W. F. Buren, G. E. Allen, W. H. Whitcomb, F. E. Lennartz, and R. N. Williams, “Zoogeography of the imported fire ants”, Journal of the New York Entomological Society, vol. 82, pp. 113-124, 1974.
  • Ward, P. S. (2005): A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 936, 1-68: null, URL:
  • Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa, pp. 1-68, vol. 936
  • Wild, A. L. (2007): A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 1622, 1-55: 36-36, URL:
  • Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa, pp. 1-55, vol. 1622
  • Z. Ling, L. YongYue, H. XiaoFang, Z. WeiQiu, and L. GuangWen, “Identification of red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta, to invade mainland China and infestation in Wuchuan, Guangdong”, Chinese Bulletin of Entomology, vol. 42, pp. 144–148, 2005.


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