The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Adler, K., and Halliday, T. (2002). Firefly Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. Firefly Books Limited, Buffalo, New York.
  • Cisneros-Heredia, D. F., and Mosquera, D. (2010). ''First record of a canid (Atelocynus microtis) predating on a caecilian amphibian.'' Avances, 2(3), B5-B6.
  • Coloma, L. A., Ron, S., La Marca, E., Hoogmoed, M., Castro, F., Lynch, J., and Wilkinson, M. 2004. Caecilia tentaculata. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. Downloaded on 07 December 2011.
  • De la Riva, I., Köhler, J., Lötters, S. and Reichle, S. (2000). ''Ten years of research on Bolivian amphibians: updated checklist, distribution, taxonomic problems, literature and iconography.'' Revista Espanola de Herpetologia, 14, 19-164.
  • Duellman, W. E. (1978). ''The biology of an equatorial herpetofauna in Amazonian Ecuador.'' Miscellaneous Publications of the University of Kansas Museum of Natural History, 65, 1-352.
  • Dunn, E. R. (1942). ''The American caecilians.'' Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 91(6), 439-540.
  • Kohler, J. (2000). ''Amphibian diversity in Bolivia: A study with special reference to montane forest regions.'' Bonner Zoologische Monographien, 48, 1-243.
  • Moore, J.A. (1964). Physiology of the Amphibia. Academic Press, New York.
  • Nussbaum R. A., and Hoogmoed, M. S. (1979). ''Surinam caecilians, with notes on Rhinatrema bivittatum and the description of a new species of Microcaecilia (Amphibia, Gymnophiona).'' Zool. Meded. Rijksmus. Nat. Hist. Leiden, 54, 217-235.
  • Savage, J. M., and Wake, M. H. (2001). ''Reevaluation of the status of taxa of Central American caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona), with comments on their origin and evolution.'' Copeia, 2001, 52-64.
  • Taylor, E.H. (1968). The Caecilians of the World. A Taxonomic Review. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, Kansas.


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