Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 11 specimens in 8 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 4 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.5 - 2253
  Temperature range (°C): 2.059 - 27.654
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.786 - 34.704
  Salinity (PPS): 34.748 - 36.287
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.332 - 4.658
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.093 - 2.389
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.726 - 140.785

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.5 - 2253

Temperature range (°C): 2.059 - 27.654

Nitrate (umol/L): 1.786 - 34.704

Salinity (PPS): 34.748 - 36.287

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.332 - 4.658

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.093 - 2.389

Silicate (umol/l): 1.726 - 140.785
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Associations

Known prey organisms

Coenobita (Coenobita (hermit crabs)) preys on:
Aves

Based on studies in:
Peru (Coastal)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • H. W. Koepcke and M. Koepcke, Sobre el proceso de transformacion de la materia organica en las playas arenosas marinas del Peru. Publ. Univ. Nac. Mayer San Marcos, Zoologie Serie A, No. 8, from p. 24 (1952).
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Source: SPIRE

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Evolution and Systematics

Evolution

Classification

Placed in Pagurides (? = Paguridae) by Bouvier, 1915 <204>
  • Derijard, R. (1966). Note preliminaire sur les crustaces stomatopodes et decapodes recoltes a l'ile Europa du 6 au 24 Avril 1964. Mem Mus Natn Hist Nat, Paris 4 (41): 159-180
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:39Public Records:14
Specimens with Sequences:15Public Species:4
Specimens with Barcodes:15Public BINs:5
Species:7         
Species With Barcodes:4         
          
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Barcode data

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Coenobita

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Wikipedia

Coenobita

The junior homonym Coenobita Gistl, 1848 is now the moth genus Ectropis.

The genus Coenobita contains the sixteen species of terrestrial hermit crabs.[1]

Ecology[edit]

Coenobita species carry water in the gastropod shells they inhabit, allowing them to stay out of water for a long time.[2]

Distribution[edit]

The majority of the species are found in the Indo-Pacific region, with only one species in West Africa, one species occurring along the western Atlantic Ocean, and one species occurring on the Pacific coast of the Americas.[3]

SpeciesAuthorityYearDistribution [3]
Coenobita brevimanusDana1852Indo-Pacific
Coenobita carnescensDana1851Pacific Ocean
Coenobita cavipesStimpson1858Indo-Pacific
Coenobita clypeatus(Fabricius)1787Western Atlantic
Coenobita compressusH. Milne-Edwards1836Eastern Pacific
Coenobita longitarsisDe Man1902East Indies
Coenobita olivieriOwen1839Pacific Ocean
Coenobita perlatusH. Milne-Edwards1837Indo-Pacific
Coenobita pseudorugosusNakasone1988Indo-Pacific
Coenobita purpureusStimpson1858Japan
Coenobita rubescensGreeff1884West Africa
Coenobita rugosusH. Milne-Edwards1837Indo-Pacific
Coenobita scaevola(Forskål)1775Indian Ocean, Red Sea
Coenobita spinosusH. Milne-Edwards1837Polynesia & Australia
Coenobita variabilisMcCulloch1909Australia
Coenobita violascensHeller1862Pacific Ocean

Taxonomy[edit]

Coenobita is closely related to the coconut crab, Birgus latro, with the two genera making up the whole of the family Coenobitidae. The name Coenobita was coined by Pierre André Latreille in 1829, from an Ecclesiastical Latin word, ultimately from the Greek χοινόβιον, meaning "monk"; despite ending in a vowel, the genus is masculine in gender.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Patsy McLaughlin (2009). "Coenobita Latreille, 1829". In R. Lemaitre & P. McLaughlin. World Paguroidea & Lomisoidea database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved January 4, 2012. 
  2. ^ D. R. Khanna (2004). Biology of Arthropoda. Discovery Publishing House. ISBN 978-81-7141-897-8. 
  3. ^ a b Richard G. Hartnoll (1988). "Evolution, systematics, and geographical distribution". In Warren W. Burggren & Brian Robert McMahon. Biology of the Land Crabs. Cambridge University Press. pp. 6–54. ISBN 978-0-521-30690-4. 
  4. ^ Gary J. Morgan & L. B. Holthuis (1989). "Nomenclatural problems associated with the genus Coenobita Latreille, 1829 (Decapoda, Anomura)" (PDF). Crustaceana 56 (2): 176–181. doi:10.1163/156854089X00068. JSTOR 20104437. 
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