The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • Appleton, C., M. Maurihungirire, E. Gouws. 1999. The distribution of helminth infections along the coastal plain of Kwazulu-Natal province, South Africa.. Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology, 93 (No.8): 859-868.
  • Barnes, R. 1987. Invertebrate Zoology. Orlando, Florida: Dryden Press.
  • Behnke, J., D. Clercq, M. Sacko, F. Gilbert, D. Ouattara. 2000. The epidemiology of human hookworm infections in the southern region of Mali.. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 5 (No 5): 343-354.
  • Blaxter, M. 2000. Genes and genomes of Necator americanus and related hookworms. International Journal of Parasitology, 30: 347-355.
  • Brooker, S. (2010). Estimating the global distribution and disease burden of intestinal nematode infections: Adding up the numbers – A review. International Journal for Parasitology. 40(10), 1137 - 1144.
  • Brusca, R., G. Brusca. 2003. Invertebrates. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates, Inc..
  • Chan, M. - S. (1997). The global burden of intestinal nematode infections — Fifty years on. Parasitology Today. 13(11), 438 - 443.
  • Hotez, P. J., Brooker S., Bethony J. M., Bottazzi M E., Loukas A., & Xiao S. (2004). Hookworm Infection. New England Journal of Medicine. 351(8), 799 - 807.
  • Liu, C., Z. Xiaorong, Q. Dongchuan, X. Shuhua, P. Hotez. 1999. Epidemiology of human hookworm infection among adults villagers in Hejiang and Santai Counties, Sichuan Province, China. Acta Tropica, 73: 243-249.
  • Loukas, A., Bethony J., Brooker S., & Hotez P. (2006). Hookworm vaccines: past, present, and future. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 6(11), 733 - 741.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Roberts, L., J. Janovy, Jr. 2000. Gerald D. Schmidt & Larry S. Roberts’ Foundations of Parasitology, Sixth Edition. Boston: McGraw-Hill Companies.
  • Romstad, A., R. Gasser, P. Nansen, A. Polderman, N. Chilton. 1998. Necator americanus (Nematoda: Ancylostomatidae) from Africa and Malaysia have different ITS-2 rDNA sequences. International Journal of Parasitology, 28: 611-615.
  • Steenhard, N., P. Storey, L. Yelifari, D. Pit, P. Nansen. 2000. The role of pigs as transport host of the human helminths Oesophagostomum bifurcum and Necator americanus. Acta Tropica, 76: 125-130.
  • de Silva, N. R., Brooker S., Hotez P. J., Montresor A., Engels D., & Savioli L. (2003). Soil-transmitted helminth infections: updating the global picture. Trends in Parasitology. 19(12), 547 - 551.


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