Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is found across the entire Indo-Pacific from Natal to Hawaii and French Polynesia and Japan to Australia; sub-species C. v. sumatrensis is restricted to the northwest Indian Ocean (Röckel et al. 1995)

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Juveniles of this species are present on intertidal benches whereas adults will occur along subtidal reefs to about 30 m (Röckel et al. 1995). Individuals that are present around the Hawaiian Islands occur between 50-70 m. There have been sightings of this species in shallow water, lagoon pinnacles, sand, sand with gravel, among weed or rocks and under dead coral. It is said to be able to withstand rough waters (Livett 1996). This species feeds on eunicid polychaetes. Adults of the species typically grow between 65-183 mm (Röckel et al. 1995).

Systems
  • Marine
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Depth range based on 3 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 3 - 35
  Temperature range (°C): 28.540 - 28.540
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.095 - 0.095
  Salinity (PPS): 34.438 - 34.438
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.532 - 4.532
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.086 - 0.086
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.103 - 1.103

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 3 - 35
 
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 5 - 5
  Temperature range (°C): 28.720 - 28.720
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.862 - 0.862
  Salinity (PPS): 37.566 - 37.566
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.314 - 4.314
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.277 - 0.277
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.015 - 3.015
 
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Duda, T.

Reviewer/s
Peters, H. & Tagaro, S.

Contributor/s
Poppe, G.

Justification
This species is widely distributed across the Indo-Pacific. It is very common in shallow waters within its range. There are no known major threats to this species. It is listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
This species is very common in shallow waters across its wide range (G.T. Poppe pers. comm. 2011).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known major threats to this species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.
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Wikipedia

Conus vexillum

Conus vexillum, common name the vexillum cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[1]

These snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Contents

Description

Distribution

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Conus vexillum Gmelin, 1791.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 11 April 2012.
  • Filmer R.M. (2001). A Catalogue of Nomenclature and Taxonomy in the Living Conidae 1758 - 1998. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. 388pp.
  • Tucker J.K. (2009). Recent cone species database. September 4th 2009 Edition.
  • Tucker J.K. & Tenorio M.J. (2009) Systematic classification of Recent and fossil conoidean gastropods. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. 296 pp.
  • Severns M. (2011) Shells of the Hawaiian Islands - The Sea Shells. Conchbooks, Hackenheim. 564 pp.

Gallery

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