The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Brown, Harley P. 1983. A catalog of the Coleoptera of America North of Mexico, Family: Elmidae. United States Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook, no. 529-50. x + 23 + i
  • J. Kansas Ent. Soc., 27, 9.
  • LeSage, L. / Bousquet, Y. 1991. Family Elmidae - riffle beetles. Checklist of beetles of Canada and Alaska. 172-173
  • Poole, Robert W., and Patricia Gentili, eds. 1996. Coleoptera. Nomina Insecta Nearctica: A Check List of the Insects of North America, vol. 1: Coleoptera, Strepsiptera. 14-820
  • Sanderson, Milton W. 1954. A revision of the Nearctic genera of Elmidae (Coleoptera). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, vol. 27, no. 1. 1-13
  • Thompson, RM and Townsend, CR. 2003. Impacts on stream food webs of native and exotic forest: an intercontinental comparison. Ecology 84:145-161


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