Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
Specimens with Sequences:34
Specimens with Barcodes:20
Species With Barcodes:4
- Wild Asian water buffalo Bubalus arnee (Kerr, 1792)
- Lowland anoa Bubalus depressicornis (Smith, 1827)
- Tamaraw Bubalus mindorensis (Heude, 1888)
- Mountain anoa Bubalus quarlesi (Ouwens, 1910)
- and the domestic water buffalo Bubalus bubalis (Linnaeus, 1758)
The nomenclature and classification of domestic animals as species, subspecies, races or breeds has been discussed controversially for many years and was inconsistent between authors. Assessors of the Food and Agriculture Organisation consider domestic water buffalo populations as breeds.
Smith described Bubalus (from Greek βούβαλος, boúbalos) as low in proportion to the bulk with very solid limbs, a small dewlap and a long, slender tail; the head is large and the forehead narrow, very strong and convex; the eyes are large, and the ears mostly funnel-shaped; horns are lying flat or bending laterally with a certain direction to the rear; the female udder has four mammae. Lydekker added that the line of back is nearly straight with 13 pairs of ribs; the tail is tufted and reaching about to the hocks; the horns are more or less markedly triangular for the greater part of their length and situated low down on the skull; the muzzle is broad, and the hair sparse in adults.
- Cebu dwarf buffalo Bubalus cebuensis (Croft, Heaney, Flynn and Bautista, 2006)
- Short-horned water buffalo Bubalus mephistopheles (Hopwood, 1925)
- European water buffalo Bubalus murrensis (Berckhemer, 1927)
- Long-horned Javan water buffao Bubalus palaeokerabau (E. Dubois 1908)
- Bubalus bubalis (Linnaeus, 1758)
- Bubalus depressicornis (Smith, 1827)
- Bubalus mephistopheles Hopwood, 1925
- Bubalus mindorensis (Heude, 1888)
- Bubalus quarlesi (Ouwens, 1910)
Bubalus arnee is not listed.
- Bubalus bubalis arnee (Kerr, 1792)
- Bubalus bubalis bubalis (Linnaeus, 1758)
- Bubalus bubalis fulvus (Blanford, 1891)
- Bubalus bubalis kerabau Fitzinger, 1860
- Bubalus bubalis migona Deraniyagala, 1952
- Bubalus bubalis theerapati Groves, 1996
The specific epithet bubalus
Species in a number of genera have bubalus as specific epithet. They include:
- Bubas bubalus (Olivier, 1811), a scarab
- Ceresa bubalus Fabricius, a buffalo treehopper
- Culicoides bubalus Delfinado, 1961, a biting midge
- Edwardsina bubalus Zwick, 1977, a fly
- Hemiphractus bubalus (Jiménez de la Espada, 1870), a frog
- Ictiobus bubalus (Rafinesque, 1818), the Smallmouth Buffalo fish
- Leptoperla bubalus Theischinger, 1980, an insect in the family Gripopterygidae
- Maarbarus bubalus Kirby, a treehopper
- Onthophagus bubalus Harold, 1867, a scarab
- Velarifictorus bubalus Gorochov, 1992, a field cricket
- Groves, C.; Grubb, P. (2011). Ungulate Taxonomy. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 1421400936.
- Gentry, A. Clutton-Brock, J., Groves, C. P. (2004). The naming of wild animal species and their domestic derivatives. Journal of Archaeological Science 31: 645–651.
- FAO (2013). Breeds from species: Buffalo. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome.
- Hamilton Smith, C. (1827). Bubalus. In: Griffith, E. (ed.) The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organization. Class Mammalia, Volume 5. London: Geo. B. Whittaker.
- Lydekker, R. 1913. Catalogue of the ungulate mammals in the British Museum (Natural History). London: British Museum (Natural History).
- Croft, D. A., Heaney, L. R., Flynn, J. J., Bautista, A. P. (2006). Fossil remains of a new, diminutive Bubalus (Artiodactyla: Bovidae: Bovini) from Cebu island, Philippines. Journal of Mammalogy 87(5): 1037–1051.
- Hopwood, A. T. (1925). A new species of buffalo from the Pleistocene of China. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. Series 9, Vol. XVI: 238–239.
- Schreiber, H. D., Munk, W. (2002). A skull fragment of Bubalus murrensis (Berckhemer, 1927) (Mammalia, Bovinae) from the Pleistocene of Bruchsal-Buchenau (NE-Karlsruhe, SW-Germany). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie (12): 737–748.
- Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds (2013). Bubalus. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 2013 Annual Checklist. Reading, UK.
- ITIS Results of: Search in every Kingdom for Scientific Name containing 'Bubalus'. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Accessed january 2014.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Buffalo (animal).|
The Surti is a breed of water buffalo found in the Charottar tract[clarification needed] of Gujarat between the Mahi and Sabarmati rivers. The best animals of this breed are found in Anand, Kaira and Baroda districts of Gujarat.
Characteristics of the breed[edit source | edit]
The Surti buffalo is of medium size and docile temperament. The breed has got a fairly broad and long head with a convex shape at the top in between horns. Horns are sickle-shaped and flat which grow in a downward & backward direction and then upwards at the tip forming a hook. The skin is black or brown. Surti breed has got a unique straight back. Good specimens have two white collars.
Performance of the breed[edit source | edit]
Average milk production:-
- Ist Lactation:-1500-1600 kg
- Other than Ist Lactation:- 1900–2000 kg
Fat:- 7 to 7.5%
SNF:- 9 to 9.15%
Age at Ist calving:- 45 to 47 months
Calving interval:- 400 to 425 days
Breeding period:- Seasonal (Sept. to April)
References[edit source | edit]
- Breed data sheet: Surti. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed September 2013.
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