Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 11 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 6 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 571
  Temperature range (°C): 26.219 - 26.803
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.090 - 0.923
  Salinity (PPS): 34.975 - 35.131
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.574 - 4.685
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.119 - 0.148
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.926 - 1.039

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 571

Temperature range (°C): 26.219 - 26.803

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.090 - 0.923

Salinity (PPS): 34.975 - 35.131

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.574 - 4.685

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.119 - 0.148

Silicate (umol/l): 0.926 - 1.039
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Polycarpa aurata

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.

Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

GGGACTTTGTATTTTATTTTTAGGGTTTGAGCTGGTTTGGTTGGAACTGGTATA---AGTGTTTTTATTCGTCTTGAGTTGTCTCAAATTAGACAGGTGGTAAGGGAC---GGGCAGCTGTACAACGTGGTTGTGACGGCGCATGCTTTTGTTATGATCTTTTTTTTTGTAATACCAATTATAATTGGTGGTTTTAGAAATTGGTTGCTGCCTTTAATG---GTGGGTAGTCCAGATATGGCTTTTCCTCGTTTAAATAACATAAGTTTTTGGCTTCTTCCTCCTGCGTTGTTTCTACTTTTGATTAGTTCAATAATTGAGAGTGGGGTCAGAACCGGTTGGACAGTGTATCCACCTTTAGCTAGAAATTTAGCACACTCTGGAGCTGCTTTGGAT---TGTGCTATTTTTTCGTTGCATTTGGCTAGGGTTTCTAGTATTTTGGGTTCTTTAAATTTCATAACCACTTTGTTTAATATAAAGACGAAGGGGTGGGATTTGTTTTCTATGCCTTTGTTTTGTTGAACAGTGCTGGTGACTACTATTTTGTTGTTGCTTTCTCTTCCTGTTTTGGCGGCT---GCTATTACAATGTTGCTGTTTGATCGTAATTTTAATACGTCTTTTTTTGATCCTGCGGGAGGGGGGGATCCTGTCCTCTATCAGCATTTGTTTTGATTTTTT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Polycarpa aurata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Polycarpa aurata

Polycarpa aurata , also known as the ox heart ascidian, the gold-mouth sea squirt or the ink-spot sea squirt, is a species of tunicate in the family Styelidae.

Description[edit]

Polycarpa aurata grows to a height of 5 to 15 cm (2 to 6 in). It has an urn-shaped, hollow body with two siphons, one at the top and the other on the side. The body colour of this tunicate is white with purple and orange patches and purple lines. The inside is yellow or orange and this is visible round the rim of the siphons.[2][3]

Distribution[edit]

This species is found in the tropical eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean. Its range includes the Philippines, Indonesia and northern Australia. Its depth range is 5 to 50 m (16 to 164 ft).[2]

Biology[edit]

Tunicates feed by drawing water in through the branchial siphon at the top, filtering out phytoplankton, bacteria and other food particles, before expelling the water through the atrial siphon at the side. Sometimes hydroids and algae grow on the outside of the tunicate[2] and nudibranchs such as Nembrotha lineolata sometimes feed on it.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Karen Sanamyan (2012). Noa Shenkar, Arjan Gittenberger, Gretchen Lambert, Marc Rius, Rosana Moreira Da Rocha, Billie J Swalla & Xavier Turon, ed. "Polycarpa aurata". Ascidiacea World Database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved May 24, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "Polycarpa aurata" (in French). Sous les Mers. Retrieved January 12, 2015. 
  3. ^ Polycarpa aurata Komodo National Park, Indonesia.
  4. ^ Rudman, W. B. "Nembrotha lineolata Bergh, 1905". Sea Slug Forum. Australian Museum. Retrieved January 12, 2015. 
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