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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Annual herb (in ours). Leaves alternate. Modified sterile flowers 0. Inflorescence a spike-like thyrse, not white-woolly. Tepals 5, free, ± glabrous or pilose near the base only. Stamens 5. Stigmas 2-3. Capsile circumscissile. Seeds flattened, black, shiny.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Celosia

Herbs or shrubs, erect or sometimes clambering or scandent. Leaves alternate, petiolate; blades simple; stipules absent. Flowers bisexual, pedicellate or sessile, clustered in cymes, which are arranged along terminal or axillary spikes, panicles, or thyrses. Tepals 5, subequal, free; stamens 5, the filaments united at the base to form a short crateriform tube; interstaminal appendages dentate or absent; ovary superior, unilocular, subglobose, ovoid or cylindrical, the style elongate or the stigmas elongate or capitate; ovules 2 or more numerous. Fruit a membranaceous, circumscissile utricle; seeds 2 to many, ellipsoidal, naked. About 50 species, widely distributed in the tropics and subtropics.

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 6 specimens in 2 taxa.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.5 - 0.5
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:41
Specimens with Sequences:43
Specimens with Barcodes:34
Species:4
Species With Barcodes:4
Public Records:23
Public Species:3
Public BINs:0
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Celosia

Celosia /sˈlʃiə/[2] is a small genus of edible and ornamental plants in the amaranth family, Amaranthaceae. The generic name is derived from the Greek word κηλος (kelos), meaning "burned," and refers to the flame-like flower heads. Species are commonly known as woolflowers, or, if the flower heads are crested by fasciation, cockscombs. The plants are well known in East Africa’s highlands and are used under their Swahili name, mfungu.

Uses[edit]

Medicinal[edit]

It is used as a treatment for intestinal worms (particularly tapeworm), blood diseases, mouth sores, eye problems. The seeds treat chest complaints and the flowers treat diarrhea. The leaves are used as dressings for boils and sores, and the boiled vegetables are said to be slightly diuretic.

As a garden plant[edit]

The plant is an annual. Seed production in these species can be very high, 200–700 kg per hectare. One ounce of seed may contain up to 43,000 seeds. One thousand seeds can weigh 1.0-1.2 grams. Depending upon the location and fertility of the soil, blossoms can last 8–10 weeks.

Celosia cristata is a common garden ornamental plant in China and other places.

As food[edit]

Celosia argentea var. argentea or Lagos spinach (a.k.a. quail grass, Soko, Celosia, feather cockscomb) is a broadleaf annual leaf vegetable. It grows widespread across Mexico, where it is known as "Velvet flower", northern South America, tropical Africa, the West Indies, South, East and Southeast Asia where it is grown as a native or naturalized wildflower, and is cultivated as a nutritious leafy green vegetable. It is traditional fare in the countries of Central and West Africa, and is one of the leading leafy green vegetables in Nigeria, where it is known as ‘soko yokoto’, meaning "make husbands fat and happy".[3] In Spain it is known as "Rooster comb" because of its appearance.

As a grain, Cockscomb is a pseudo-cereal, not a true cereal.

These leaves, young stems and young inflorescences are used for stew, as they soften up readily in cooking. The leaves also have a soft texture and a mild spinach-like taste. They are also pepped up with such things as hot pepper, garlic, fresh lime, and red palm oil and eaten as a side dish.

Cultivation[edit]

Silver Cockscomb Celosia argentea in Tirunelveli, India

Despite its African origin (a claim that is not without dispute), celosia is known as a foodstuff in Indonesia and India. Moreover, in the future it might become more widely eaten, especially in the hot and malnourished regions of the equatorial zone. In that regard, it has already been hailed as the often-wished-for vegetable that “grows like a weed without demanding all the tender loving care that other vegetables seem to need” says Martin Price of Florida. He continues "“Every place I have tried it, it grows with no work. We have had no disease problems and very little insect damage. It reseeds itself abundantly and new plants have come up in the immediate vicinity.”[4]

Works well in humid areas and is the most-used leafy plant in Nigeria. It grows in the wet season and grows well while other plants succumb to mold and other diseases like mildew. Celosia though a very simple plant does need moderate soil moisture.

Selected species[edit]

Formerly placed here[edit]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Genus: Celosia L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2001-08-07. Retrieved 2011-01-30. 
  2. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  3. ^ ECHO
  4. ^ See further information at Lost Crops of Africa: Volume II: Vegetables
  5. ^ "Celosia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-01-30. 
  6. ^ a b "GRIN Species Records of Celosia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-01-30. 
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Source: Wikipedia

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