The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • * C.Michael Hogan. 2010. ''Genus Arctostaphylos''. Encyclopedia of Earth. ed. Cutler Cleveland (in publication)
  • * Jepson Manual. 1993. ''Arctostaphylos''. University of California, Berkeley, Ca.
  • Bailey, L. H. & E. Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. MacMillan, New York. External link.
  • C.Michael Hogan. 2012. Arctostaphylos. Eds. M.McGinley and C.J.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment.
  • Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. (eds.) 2009. Cucurbitaceae a Polemoniaceae. Fl. Mesoamer. 4(1): 1–855. External link.
  • Diggs, G. M. 1995. IV. Ericaceae subfamily Vaccinioideae p.p. 10. Arctostaphylos Adanson; 11. Comarastaphylis Zuccarini. Fl. Neotrop. 66: 133–193. External link.
  • F. H. Knowlton. 1899. Fossil Flora of the Yellowstone National Park. USGS Monograph Series 32(2)
  • Laura M.Boykin, Michael C.Vasey, V.Thomas Parker and Robert Patterson. 2005. Two Lineages of Arctostaphylos (Ericaceae)Identified using the Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) Region of the Nuclear Genome. Madrono, vol. 52, no. 3, pp 139-147
  • USDA, NRCS. 2007. The PLANTS Database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge. External link.


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