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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Annual to perennial herbs. Leaves pinnate (in ours), with basal leaves in a rosette. Inner sepals slightly saccate. Flowers white (in ours) in an ebracteate raceme. Stamens 4-6. Fruit a flattened siliqua, dehiscing explosively, the inconspicuously veined valves coiling spirally from the base. Seeds in 1 series.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Ecology

Associations

Foodplant / false gall
colony of Albugo candida causes swelling of live, discoloured, distorted leaf of Cardamine
Remarks: season: spring, early autumn

Foodplant / feeds on
larva of Ceutorhynchus pectoralis feeds on Cardamine

Foodplant / gall
larva of Dasineura cardaminis causes gall of flower of Cardamine

Foodplant / open feeder
adult of Phaedon cochleariae grazes on live leaf of Cardamine
Remarks: season: 5-9

Foodplant / open feeder
imago of Phyllotreta diademata grazes on leaf of Cardamine

Foodplant / open feeder
imago of Phyllotreta ochripes grazes on leaf of Cardamine

Foodplant / open feeder
imago of Phyllotreta tetrastigma grazes on leaf of Cardamine

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:178Public Records:79
Specimens with Sequences:164Public Species:19
Specimens with Barcodes:154Public BINs:0
Species:30         
Species With Barcodes:27         
          
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:4Public Records:0
Specimens with Sequences:4Public Species:0
Specimens with Barcodes:4Public BINs:0
Species:2         
Species With Barcodes:2         
          
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Dentaria

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Cardamine

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Cardamine

Cardamine (bittercress or bitter-cress), is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Brassicaceae. It contains more than 150 species of annuals and perennials. The genus grows worldwide in diverse habitats, except the Antarctic. Genus Dentaria is a synonym for Cardamine.

The leaves can have different forms, going from minute to medium-sized. They can be pinnate or bipinnate. They are basal and cauline (growing on the upper part of the stem), with narrow tips. They are rosulate (forming a rosette). The blade margins can be entire, serrate or dentate. The stem internodes lack firmness.

The radially symmetrical flowers grow in a racemose many-flowered inflorescence or in corymbs. The white, pink or purple flowers are minute to medium-sized. The petals are longer than the sepals. The fertile flowers are hermaphroditic.

Some plants were reputed to have medicinal qualities (treatment of heart or stomach ailments).

The name "cardamine" is derived from the Greek kardamon, cardamom - an unrelated plant in the ginger family, used as a pungent spice in cooking.

Cardamine concatenata (Cutleaf Toothwort)
Cardamine pattersonii (Saddle Mountain bittercress)
Cardamine pratensis from Thomé: Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885
Cardamine nuttallii (Nuttall's toothwort)

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz (2001). "Cardamine gouldii (Brassicaceae), a new species from Bhutan". Novon 11 (3): 289–291. JSTOR 3393028. 
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Source: Wikipedia

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