Neotropical, Nearctic, and Indomalayan regions and questionably Afrotropical region.
Frontoclypeus flat or weakly convex, not produced anteroventrally. Distance from eye to base of forewing greater than half eye width. Pronotum not produced posteriorly over the scutellum; pronotal projection, if present, produced dorsomedially (Biturritia). Scutellum fully visible, usually strongly convex basally and keeled apically (keel strong in many Biturritiinae), rarely depressed, often elongate. Forewings with veins R and M fused basally (share common stem). Prothoracic trochanter and femur immovably fused (suture may be visible). Male and female pygofer with pair of processes produced posteroventrally (processes weak in Mina, at least in females, and in Tropidaspsis). Nymph with abdominal tergum IX not forming sheath around segment X (ventromedial lobes, when present, free), anal opening dorsal or posterior.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
|Specimen Records:||5||Public Records:||4|
|Specimens with Sequences:||4||Public Species:||2|
|Specimens with Barcodes:||1||Public BINs:||0|
|Species With Barcodes:||1|