Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
|Specimen Records:||18||Public Records:||15|
|Specimens with Sequences:||16||Public Species:||14|
|Specimens with Barcodes:||11||Public BINs:||9|
|Species With Barcodes:||10|
Locations of barcode samples
The Tibicen genus of cicadas are large-bodied Cicadidae appearing in late summer or autumn. Many colloquial names exist for Tibicens, including locust, dog day cicada, harvest fly, August dry bird, jar fly, bush cicada, and dry weather fly.
Tibicen species are the most common cicada in the United States. Unlike periodical cicadas, whose swarms occur at 13- or 17-year intervals, Tibicen species can be seen every year, hence their nickname "annual cicadas". The life-cycle of an individual, however, is more than a year. Nymphs spend two or three years feeding on tree roots before they emerge. Their annual reappearance is due to overlapping generations.
Tibicen cicadas are 1–2 inches (25–51 mm) long, with characteristic green, brown, and black markings on the top of the thorax, and tented, membranous wings extending past the abdomen. The fore pair are about twice the length of the hind pair. Adults feed using their beak to tap into the xylem of plants; nymphs feed from the xylem of roots.
Males produce loud calls in the afternoon or evening (depending on the species) to attract females. These sounds, distinctive for each species, are produced by organs below the abdomen's base. These calls range from a loud buzz to a long rattling sound.
- Tibicen auletes Germar, 1834 – Northern dusk singing cicada
- Tibicen auriferus Say, 1825 – Field cicada
- Tibicen bihamatus Motschulsky, 1861
- Tibicen bifidus Davis, 1916
- Tibicen canicularis Harris, 1841 – Dog-day harvestfly
- Tibicen chiricahua Davis, 1923
- Tibicen chisosensis Davis, 1934
- Tibicen cultriformis Davis, 1915 – Southwestern giant floodplain cicada
- Tibicen davisi Smith and Grossbeck, 1907 – Davis's southeastern dog-day cicada
- Tibicen dealbatus Davis, 1915 – Great floodplain cicada
- Tibicen dorsatus Say, 1825 – Bush cicada
- Tibicen duryi Davis, 1917
- Tibicen figuratus Walker, 1858 - Fall Southeastern dog-day cicada
- Tibicen inauditus Davis, 1917
- Tibicen linnei Smith and Grossbeck, 1907 – Linne's cicada
- Tibicen longiopercula Davis, 1926
- Tibicen lyricen De Geer, 1773 – Lyric cicada
- Tibicen montezuma Distant, 1881
- Tibicen ochreoptera Townsend, 1892
- Tibicen parallelus Davis, 1923
- Tibicen pronotalis Walker, 1852 – Walker's cicada
- Tibicen pruinosus Say, 1825 – Scissor grinder cicada
- Tibicen resh Haldeman, 1852
- Tibicen resonans Walker, 1850 – Southern pine barrens cicada
- Tibicen robinsonianus Davis, 1922 – Robinson's cicada
- Tibicen similaris Smith and Grossbeck, 1907 – Similar dog-day cicada
- Tibicen superbus Fitch, 1855 – Superb southwestern cicada
- Tibicen texanus Metcalf, 1963
- Tibicen tibicen (Tibicen chloromerus) Linnaeus, 1758 – Swamp cicada
- Tibicen townsendii Uhler, 1905
- Tibicen tremulus Cole, 2008
- Tibicen variegatus Fabricius, 1794
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (October 2013)|
Many animals feed on cicadas, which usually occurs during the final days when they become easy prey near the ground. One of the more notable predators is the cicada killer. This is a large wasp that catches the dog day cicada. After catching and stinging the insect to paralyze it, the cicada killer carries it back to its hole and drags it underground to a chamber where it lays its eggs in the paralyzed cicada. When the eggs hatch, the wasp larvae feed on the paralyzed, but still living, cicada.
Emerging T. tibicen, New Jersey, USA
Malformed T. tibicen, New Jersey, USA
Photo series of Tibicen sp. moulting, Ohio, USA.
Mating T. canicularis
- "Cicadas of Michigan". University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
- "Cicadas of the United States and Canada East of the 100th Meridian". InsectSingers.com. Retrieved 13 June 2011.