The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bailey, L.H., E.Z. Bailey, and the L.H. Bailey Hortatorium. 1976. Hortus Third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. New York: Macmillan.
  • Everett, T.H. 1981. “Nymphaea.” The New York Botanical Garden Illustrated Encyclopedia of Horticulture 7: 2351–2357.
  • FNA. 2011. “Nuphar Smith.” Flora of North America, vol. 3. Accessed 21 December 2011 from
  • Florae Graecae Prodromus 1: 361. 1809. (Fl. Graec. Prod.)
  • Moermann, D. 2003. “Nuphar” (various database entries). In Native American Ethnobotany: A database of plants used as drugs, foods, dyes, fibers, and more, by native Peoples of North America. Accessed 21 December 2011 from
  • PFAF. 2011. Nuphar lutea - (Aiton.)Aiton. Plants For A Future, an online resource for information on edible and otherwise useful plants. Retrieved 21 December 2011 from
  • Slocum, P.D. 2005. Waterlilies and Lotuses: Species, Cultivars, and New Hybrids. Portland, OR: Timber Press. 260 p.
  • USDA/NCRS 2011. Plant Guide: Yellow Pond-Lily (Nuphar lutea). Prepared by S. Wennerberg for U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Resource Conservation Center, National Plant Data Center. Accessed 21 December 2011 from


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