The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Boos K, Gutow L, Mundry R, Franke H-D. 2010. Sediment preference and burrowing behaviour in the sympatric brittlestars Ophiura albida Forbes, 1839 and Ophiura ophiura (Linnaeus, 1758) (Ophiuroidea, Echinodermata). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 393: 176–181.
  • Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca. 2002. Invertebrates, Second Edition. xx + 936
  • Cat. Hort. Bogor. 295. 1844. (Cat. Hort. Bogor.)
  • Forbes E. 1843. On the radiata of the eastern Mediterranean. Part 1., Ophiuridae. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 19, 143-153.
  • Guille A, Laboute P, Menou JL. 1986. Handbook of the sea-stars, sea-urchins and related echinoderms of New-Caledonia lagoon. Paris: ORSTOM. p 238.
  • Hendler G. 1988. Ophiuroid skeleton ontogeny reveals homologies among skeletal plates of adults: a study of Amphiura filiformis, Amphiura stimpsonii and Ophiophragmus filograneus (Echinodermata). Biological Bulletin 174: 20–29.
  • Spencer, W. K., and C. W. Wright / Durham, J. Wyatt, et al. / Moore, Raymond C., ed. 1966. Asterozoans. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part U, Echinodermata 3, vol. 1. U4-U107
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
  • Stöhr S, O'Hara TD, Thuy B. 2012. Global diversity of brittle stars (echinodermata: Ophiuroidea). PLOS Collections doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0031940
  • Stöhr, S. (2014). Ophiura Lamarck, 1801. In: Stöhr, S.; O’Hara, T. & Thuy, B. (Eds) (2014) World Ophiuroidea database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Woodley JD. 1975. The behaviour of some amphiurid brittle stars. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 18: 29–46.


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