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Comprehensive Description

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 Body elongate, without coloration, all segments laterally compressed. Head (Fig. 2a) with lateral margin rounded; lateral or ‘ocular lobes’ present on frontal margin, well developed, suboval. Pleonites I-III with diffusely developed posteriorly rounded epimeral plates adorned with simple seta, a superficial marginal edge slightly visible. Urosomite III subcilindrical, slightly longer than deep, enclosing base of telson and uropod III.  Antennule (Fig. 2a), peduncular article slightly shorter than head; article ratio 1:0,42:0,42; flagellum of 4 articles, half the length, articles 2-4 with 1 aesthetasc; accessory flagellum slightly shorter than flagellar articles 1+2, three articles.  Antenna (Fig. 2a) subequal in length to antennule; flagellum of 5 articles, slightly shorter than half the length of peduncle, the last article bearing one aesthetasc (antenna drawn by S. Ruffo but not present in mounted slides).  Mandibles with non-triturative molar process, spiniform. Left mandible (Fig. 5d) with broad incisor, right mandible (Fig. 5c) with fine serrations on lacinia and molar process margin.  Maxillule (Figs 5a, e) coxal endite (= inner lobe) with 3 simple setae; basal endite (= outer lobe) with six robust setae of which the second one on the medial side has four teeth in the left maxillule and three teeth in the right one. Endopod (= palp) two-segmented, distal segment with two setae.  Maxilla (Fig. 5b) with short, equally long plates, each bearing four distal setae.  Maxilliped (Fig. 5f) basal endite slender, with one simple seta; ischium with two setae; merus and carpus without setae; propodus with one seta; dactylus with one lateral robust seta and distally two long setae, unguis not discernible.  Oöstegites on pereiopods III-IV (Figs 3d, e), suboval, without setae and with 3 button-like processes.  Coxal gills on pereiopods III-V.  Gnathopod I (Figs 2b, 3b) carpo-subchelate, palm strongly oblique, carpus 2.4 times as long as wide, palm margin smooth, not serrated, and with three short, bifid flagellate setae along lateral side of margin, and one simple seta on palm angle in male. In female two of such setae of which one placed closer to the row of three bifid setae. Just posterior to the palmar angle seta is a broad triangular spine on the medial side in the male, and three spines in the female: two smaller ones and a larger, more pointed one. Dactylus with four long spines along posterior margin and thin setules or grooves at the base of the unguis.  Gnathopod II (Figs 2c, d; 3c) Carpo-subchelate, palm oblique, carpus stronger than in gnathopod I, subtrapezoidal, carpal index = 4.6, palm angle defined by one large seta and one smaller spine in female (Fig. 3c), one seta in male (Figs 2c, d), and with triangular tooth proximal to the palmar angle seta, palm margin with irregular serrations; propodus strong with lobe on lateral side ending in a setule, less pronounced in female; dactylus with four strong teeth enforced with thick margins on lateral side and a groove or bundled setules at the base of the unguis.  Pereipods III-IV (Figs 3d, e) with two distal setae on dactylus at the base of the unguis, and three distal setae on propodus, one of them long and apically bifid, unguis apically trifid. Oöstegites with in both pereiopods regularly placed series of 3 button-like processes.  Pereiopods V – VII (Figs 4a,b, c) progressively longer towards P7; basis of P5 broad, that of P7 slender; carpus of P5 with two long and stout distal setae, others shorter; carpus of P7 with broad, curved and modified comb setae; merus of P7 with long distal seta; dactyli with two small setae distally; unguis bifid.  Pleopods I-III (Fig. 2a) subtrapezoidal, without setae. Pleopod I in male deformed or broadened distally.  Uropod I (Figs 2e, 4e) male: protopod with one seta and a row of fine setules on anterolateral margin; exopod with very feeble segment suture and one seta placed at two-thirds the length; endopod with terminal row of spines and four long setae laterally. In female protopod with three setae; endopod with six long setae laterally.  Uropod II (Figs 3a, 4d), protopod with two oblique comb rows in male, and three in female; setae of rows more or less rectangular with bifid or trifid, or even comb-like tips; endopod slightly longer than exopod, sharper, and with four setae.  Uropod III (Fig. 2a) short, 2 segmented, with one ramus, protopod with 2 distal setae, ramus short with 1 distal seta.  Telson (Fig. 2a) globose, with 1 pair of long dorsal setae.  Differences between male and female: gnathopods without extra palmar seta in male, and uropod II without a third comb row in male. Pleopod I in the male has a broadened tip.


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© Valentina Iannilli, Ronald Vonk

Source: ZooKeys

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