The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bousquet, Yves, and André Larochelle. 1993. Catalogue of the Geadephaga (Coleoptera: Trachypachidae, Rhysodidae, Carabidae including Cicindelini) of America North of Mexico. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, no. 167. 397
  • Bousquet, Yves. 2012. Catalogue of Geadephaga (Coleoptera, Adephaga) of America, north of Mexico. ZooKeys, issue 245. 1-1722
  • Cheng, L. (2015). Harpalus Latreille, 1802. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • D. J. Shure, Radionuclide tracer analysis of trophic relationships in an old-field ecosystem, Ecol. Monogr. 43(1):1-19, from p. 15 (1973).
  • Harpalus
  • Hist. Nat. Crust. Ins., 3, 92.
  • Noonan, Gerald R. 1991. Classification, Cladistics, and Natural History of Native North American Harpalus Latreille (Insecta: Coleoptera: Carabidae: Harpalini), Excluding Subgenera Glanodes and Pseudophonus. viii + 310


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