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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Pseudoceanic, epibenthic species (Ref. 4479, 4775, 51024). Bentho- and mesopelagic in nearshore areas at 0-550 m at night, 500-686 m during day (Ref. 58302).
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino 1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
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Distribution

Western Pacific: Japan to Hawaii and the Philippines. Western Atlantic: off Bahamas and Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 4479). Eastern Atlantic: off Casablanca, Morocco to Western Sahara (Ref. 4779).
  • Iwamoto, T. and J.E. McCosker 2014 Deep-water fishes of the 2011 Hearst Philippine biodiversity expedition of the California Academy of Sciences. pp. 263-332. In Williams, G.C. and T.M. Gosliner (eds.) 2014. The Coral Triangle: the 2011 Hearst Philippine biodiversity expedition. California: San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences, 593 p. (Ref. 95664)
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Atlantic; Pacific, including Hawaiian Islands.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 180 mm SL
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Max. size

18.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479))
  • Hulley, P.A. 1990 Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
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Type Information

Paratype for Diaphus adenomus Gilbert
Catalog Number: USNM 51515
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1902
Locality: Lae-O Ka Laau Light, Molokai Island, Bet. Molokai + Oahu Islands, Hawaii, Oahu, Hawaii, United States, Hawaiian Islands, Pacific
Depth (m): 613 to 640
Vessel: Albatross
  • Paratype: Gilbert, C. H. 1905. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission. 23 (for 1903): 593.
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Type for Diaphus adenomus Gilbert
Catalog Number: USNM 51588
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Year Collected: 1904
Locality: Bet Molokai + Oahu Ids, Hawaii 335 To 350 Fms., Hawaii, United States, Hawaiian Islands, Pacific
Vessel: Albatross
  • Type: Gilbert, C. H. 1905. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission. 23 (for 1903): 593.
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Holotype for Diaphus adenomus Gilbert
Catalog Number: USNM 74471
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1906
Locality: Shio Misaki Light, N. 77 degrees E., 5.5 miles. (From Kobe, Japan to Yokohama, Japan)., Honshu, Japan, Pacific
Depth (m): 463
Vessel: Albatross
  • Holotype:
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Paratype for Diaphus adenomus Gilbert
Catalog Number: USNM 74502
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1906
Locality: Shio Misaki Light, N. 77 degrees E., 5.5 miles. (From Kobe, Japan to Yokohama, Japan)., Honshu, Japan, Pacific
Depth (m): 463
Vessel: Albatross
  • Paratype:
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Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Environment

bathypelagic; marine; depth range 180 - 600 m (Ref. 4479)
  • Hulley, P.A. 1990 Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
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Depth range based on 7 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 4 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 183 - 786
  Temperature range (°C): 7.063 - 18.148
  Nitrate (umol/L): 2.890 - 30.018
  Salinity (PPS): 34.868 - 36.510
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.884 - 4.430
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.236 - 1.902
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.950 - 23.902

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 183 - 786

Temperature range (°C): 7.063 - 18.148

Nitrate (umol/L): 2.890 - 30.018

Salinity (PPS): 34.868 - 36.510

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.884 - 4.430

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.236 - 1.902

Silicate (umol/l): 1.950 - 23.902
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 180 - 600m.
From 180 to 600 meters.

Habitat: bathydemersal. Pseudoceanic, epibenthic species (Ref. 4479 & 4775).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Diaphus adenomus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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