Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits coastal and inner reef sand flats and slopes, often in large lagoons (Ref. 48637). Found normally over clean, medium-grained sand patches interspersed with coral heads. It shares its habitat with the larger species such as V. longipinnis. Occurs in pairs or small groups and has been observed in burrows. Monogamous (Ref. 52884). Observed to rock back and forth when moving near the burrow.
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Ashmore Reef, Maldives, and Seychelles to Oceania, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef.
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Indo-West Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 6 - 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Analspines: 1; Analsoft rays: 12
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Size

Maximum size: 53 mm SL
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Max. size

10.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 48637))
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Found normally over clean, medium-grained sand patches interspersed with coral heads. It shares its habitat with the larger species such as @V. longipinnis@@. Occurs in pairs or small groups and has been observed in burrows. Observed to rock back and forth when moving near the burrow.
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Characterized by pale grey body color; lower half of body with a pair of stripes linked by diffuse dark bars; faint dark grey bars/saddles on back; presence of blue-white stripe below eye to edge of gill opening, continued as white spot on upper pectoral fin base; without filamentous dorsal spines; rounded and short caudal fin, about equal to head length; longitudinal scale series 67-85; ctenoid body scales, becoming cycloid anteriorly below anterior part of first dorsal fin; without scales on head or midline of nape; side of nape with scales extending forward slightly anterior to above upper end of gill opening; scaleless pectoral fin base; partly scaled or scaleless prepelvic area; depth of body 5.7-6.6 in SL (Ref. 90102).
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Type Information

Paratype for Valenciennea parva Hoese & Larson
Catalog Number: USNM 258664
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1909
Locality: Canmahala Bay; Between Burias and Luzon, Luzon, Philippines, Philippine Archipelago, Canmahala Bay, Ragay Gulf, Pacific
Depth (m): 1 to 9
Vessel: Albatross
  • Paratype: Hoese, D. F. & Larson, H. K. 1994. Indo-Pacific Fishes. No. 23: 37.
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Paratype for Valenciennea parva Hoese & Larson
Catalog Number: USNM 168231
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1909
Locality: Ragay Gulf, Canmahala Bay; Between Burias and Luzon, Luzon, Philippines, Philippine Archipelago, Canmahala Bay, Ragay Gulf, Pacific
Vessel: Albatross
  • Paratype: Hoese, D. F. & Larson, H. K. 1994. Indo-Pacific Fishes. No. 23: 37.
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Paratype for Valenciennea parva Hoese & Larson
Catalog Number: USNM 258662
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): B. Collette
Year Collected: 1970
Locality: New Guinea**Madang Harbour, Inside S.Tip Paeowai Island. Pile Of branching coral About 12 Ft. Across depth: 30-35 Ft.Gear: Rotenone, Papua New Guinea, Pacific
Depth (m): 9 to 11
  • Paratype: Hoese, D. F. & Larson, H. K. 1994. Indo-Pacific Fishes. No. 23: 37.
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Paratype for Valenciennea parva Hoese & Larson
Catalog Number: USNM 216335
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): V. Springer, M. Cameron & P. Woodhead
Year Collected: 1966
Locality: One Tree Islet, Australia, Queensland, Lagoon Side ( One Tree Island Side) of Reef, Flat Barrier To Sand Bank One Mile NNW of One Tree Island, One Tree Island, Capricorn Group, Queensland, Australia, Pacific
Depth (m): 5
  • Paratype: Hoese, D. F. & Larson, H. K. 1994. Indo-Pacific Fishes. No. 23: 37.
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Paratype for Valenciennea parva Hoese & Larson
Catalog Number: USNM 258661
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): J. Tyler & C. Smith
Year Collected: 1969
Locality: Australia: Queensland, Endeavour Reef; Off Western Tip of Southern Edge of Eastern Half of Reef. 200 Ft. From Reef Edge., Queensland, Australia, Pacific
Depth (m): 11 to 15
  • Paratype: Hoese, D. F. & Larson, H. K. 1994. Indo-Pacific Fishes. No. 23: 37.
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Paratype for Valenciennea parva Hoese & Larson
Catalog Number: USNM 258660
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): J. Tyler & C. Smith
Year Collected: 1969
Locality: Australia, Queensland, Endeavour Reef, Middle of Western Edge of Western Half of Reef., Australia, Queensland, Pacific
Depth (m): 8 to 18
  • Paratype: Hoese, D. F. & Larson, H. K. 1994. Indo-Pacific Fishes. No. 23: 37.
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Paratype for Valenciennea parva Hoese & Larson
Catalog Number: USNM 258651
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): J. Tyler & C. Smith
Year Collected: 1969
Locality: Australia: Queensland, Endeavour Reef; Western End of Eastern Half of Reef; South Side., Australia, Queensland, Pacific
Depth (m): 14 to 15
  • Paratype: Hoese, D. F. & Larson, H. K. 1994. Indo-Pacific Fishes. No. 23: 37.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 90102)
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Depth range based on 19 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 19 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 15
  Temperature range (°C): 24.659 - 29.336
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.094 - 1.049
  Salinity (PPS): 33.845 - 35.373
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.389 - 4.825
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.073 - 0.231
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.983 - 3.210

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 15

Temperature range (°C): 24.659 - 29.336

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.094 - 1.049

Salinity (PPS): 33.845 - 35.373

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.389 - 4.825

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.073 - 0.231

Silicate (umol/l): 0.983 - 3.210
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 1 - 15m.
From 1 to 15 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Found normally over clean, medium-grained sand patches interspersed with coral heads. It shares its habitat with the larger species such as @V. longipinnis@@. Occurs in pairs or small groups and has been observed in burrows. Observed to rock back and forth when moving near the burrow.
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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits patches of clean sand near coral heads.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Valenciennea parva

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.

Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

CACCCTCTACCTAGTATTCGGTGCCTGAGCCGGAATGGTAGGCACAGCACTAAGCCTACTAATCCGGGCCGAACTTAGTCAACCCGGCGCATTACTGGGTGACGACCAAATTTACAATGTAATCGTAACCGCCCACGCATTCGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCGATTATGATCGGAGGCTTTGGAAACTGGCTCATTCCACTTATGATTGGTGCCCCAGACATGGCATTTCCTCGAATAAATAATATGAGCTTTTGACTTCTCCCCCCGTCCTTCCTTCTTCTTCTAGCATCCTCTGGAGTAGAAGCCGGGGCAGGAACGGGATGAACTGTTTACCCGCCCTTAGCAGGCAACCTCGCACACGCAGGAGCATCTGTTGACTTAACAATCTTTTCTCTACATTTAGCAGGTATTTCCTCAATCCTAGGGGCCATCAACTTCATTACAACAATCCTCAATATGAAACCTCCAGCCATTTCACAGTACCAGACTCCTTTATTTGTTTGGGCAGTTTTAATTACAGCAGTACTTCTTCTTCTGTCTCTGCCAGTTCTTGCTGCCGGGATCACAATGCTCCTAACAGACCGAAACTTAAATACCACCTTCTTTGACCCTGCAGGGGGAGGGACCCCCTTTCTTTACCAACATCT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Valenciennea parva

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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