Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found on Acropora coral. Usually in 3-15 m, but occasionally to 30 m (Ref 90102).
  • Heemstra, P.C. 1995 Additions and corrections for the 1995 impression. p. v-xv. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Revised Edition of Smiths' Sea Fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 11228)
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Sodwana Bay, South Africa to the Gambier Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia.
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Indo-West Pacific: Zululand (South Africa), Seychelles, Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes) and Chagos Archipelago east to northern Gilbert Islands (Kiribati) and Gambier Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Houtman Abrolhos (Western Australia), Quee
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Analspines: 1; Analsoft rays: 8
  • Heemstra, P.C. 1995 Additions and corrections for the 1995 impression. p. v-xv. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Revised Edition of Smiths' Sea Fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 11228)
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Size

Maximum size: 22 mm TL
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Max. size

2.2 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 11228))
  • Heemstra, P.C. 1995 Additions and corrections for the 1995 impression. p. v-xv. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Revised Edition of Smiths' Sea Fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 11228)
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Diagnostic Description

Characterized by mainly semi-transparent body color with fine dark speckling; side of snout with brown stripe; brown smudge on upper opercle; predorsal midline with brown stripe; longitudinal scale series 23-31; scaled head and neck; restricted gill opening to pectoral fin base; depth of body at anus 4.5-6.7 in SL (Ref 90102).
  • Heemstra, P.C. 1995 Additions and corrections for the 1995 impression. p. v-xv. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Revised Edition of Smiths' Sea Fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 11228)
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Type Information

Paratype for Pleurosicya fringilla Larson
Catalog Number: USNM 306885
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): V. Springer & et al.
Year Collected: 1982
Locality: Fiji Islands, Lau Group, Ono Ilau, Yanutha Islet, Lagoon Side of Barrier Reef, Fiji, Fiji Islands, Pacific
Depth (m): 1 to 5
  • Paratype: Larson, H. K. 1990. The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences. 7 (1): 25.
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Holotype for Pleurosicya fringilla Larson
Catalog Number: USNM 242091
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): V. Springer & et al.
Year Collected: 1982
Locality: Fiji Islands, Lau Group, Ono Ilau, Yanutha Islet, Lagoon Side of Barrier Reef, Fiji, Fiji Islands, Pacific
Depth (m): 1 to 5
  • Holotype: Larson, H. K. 1990. The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences. 7 (1): 25.
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Paratype for Pleurosicya fringilla Larson
Catalog Number: USNM 306886
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): V. Springer
Year Collected: 1978
Locality: Papua New Guinea: Along South Edge of Channel Between Pelleluhu Group and Ninigo Group (Identical Spot As VGS 78-5)., Papua New Guinea, Pacific
Depth (m): 2 to 8
  • Paratype: Larson, H. K. 1990. The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences. 7 (1): 25.
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Paratype for Pleurosicya fringilla Larson
Catalog Number: USNM 306887
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): J. Rudloe
Year Collected: 1964
Locality: Madagascar; Nossi Be I., Pt. Fievre, Left of Centre Pier., Nossi-Be, Madagascar, Indian
  • Paratype: Larson, H. K. 1990. The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences. 7 (1): 25.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range ? - 30 m (Ref. 90102), usually 3 - 15 m (Ref. 90102)
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Depth range based on 29 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 20 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 43
  Temperature range (°C): 24.353 - 29.205
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.016 - 0.397
  Salinity (PPS): 32.200 - 35.481
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.427 - 4.814
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.088 - 0.339
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.072 - 4.465

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 43

Temperature range (°C): 24.353 - 29.205

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.016 - 0.397

Salinity (PPS): 32.200 - 35.481

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.427 - 4.814

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.088 - 0.339

Silicate (umol/l): 1.072 - 4.465
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pleurosicya fringilla

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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