Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs inshore, on shelly ground, sand, muddy sand or mud. May enter freshwaters. Feeds on crustaceans (mysids, corophiid amphipods), small fish (gobies), bivalves, polychaetes, and chironomid larvae. Sexually mature at 1 to 2 years (Ref. 4696). Spawns in March to June with females spawning at least twice during this season. Adhesive eggs are deposited under or between stones, shells and aquatic plants and males guard the eggs until hatching (Ref. 59043).
  • Miller, P.J. 1986 Gobiidae. p. 1019-1085. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4696)
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Distribution

Range Description

Azov, Black and Caspian Sea basins.
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Black, Azov and Caspian Sea watersheds.
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Europe and Asia: Black Sea, Sea of Azov and Caspian Sea basins.
  • Miller, P.J. 1986 Gobiidae. p. 1019-1085. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4696)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15 - 18; Analspines: 1; Analsoft rays: 10 - 15
  • Reshetnikov, Y.S. 2003 Atlas of Russian freshwater fishes, Vol. 2. Moscow Nauka. (Ref. 50519)
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Size

Maximum size: 245 mm TL
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Max. size

24.5 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2058)); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 59043)
  • Berg, L.S. 1965 Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. volume 3, 4th edition. Israel Program for Scientific Translations Ltd, Jerusalem. (Russian version published 1949). (Ref. 2058)
  • Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof 2007 Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)
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Diagnostic Description

This species is distinguished from related species in Europe by the following characters: interorbital distance equal to eye diameter; nape completely scaled; pelvic disc fraenum with small, rounded lobes, fraenum length < 1/6 of its width at base; pelvic disc reaching 60-70 % of distance between its origin and anus; first branched ray of second dorsal about twice as long as penultimate ray; scales in midlateral series 57-67 + 2-3 (Ref. 59043).
  • Reshetnikov, Y.S. 2003 Atlas of Russian freshwater fishes, Vol. 2. Moscow Nauka. (Ref. 50519)
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Habitat:
Inshore habitats, estuaries, brackish- and fresh-water lagoons, large rivers on mud bottom. Restricted to coastal areas. In Caspian Sea does not enter rivers

Biology:
Lives up to four years. Spawns for the first time at 1-2 years. Spawns in March-June. Individual females may spawn twice during a season. Adhesive eggs are deposited under or between stones, shells and aquatic plants. Males guard eggs until hatching. Feeds on a wide variety of invertebrates and small fish.

Systems
  • Freshwater
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Environment

demersal; freshwater; brackish; marine
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Trophic Strategy

Feeds on fish, benthic crustaceans, other benthic invertebrates including insect larvae (Ref. 4696).
  • Miller, P.J. 1986 Gobiidae. p. 1019-1085. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4696)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ponticola syrman

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M.

Reviewer/s
Bogutskaya, N., & Smith, K. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)

Contributor/s

Justification
A widespread species with no known major widespread threats.

History
  • 1996
    Data Deficient
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Population

Population
Abundant, particularly in Sea of Azov.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
No major threats known.
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Least Concern (LC)
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
No information.
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Wikipedia

Syrman goby

Ponticola syrman, the Syrman goby, is a species of goby native to marine, brackish and probably fresh waters of the Black Sea, the Sea of Azov and the Caspian Sea basins. They inhabit inshore waters with substrates composed of shell fragments, sand, mud or muddy sand. This species can reach a length of 24.5 centimetres (9.6 in) TL.[2]

The head of the Syrman Goby

References[edit]

  1. ^ Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Ponticola syrman. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 September 2013.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Ponticola syrman" in FishBase. June 2013 version.
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