Evolution and Systematics

Functional Adaptations

Functional adaptation

Stabilized bromine protects from bacteria: kelp
 

Red and green algae (kelp) protect from bacteria via stabilized bromine.

   
  "To protect against microbial squatters, a biomimic would look for clues in the skins of organisms that manage to keep themselves slime-free. Red and green algae (kelp) are able to stabilize a normally reactive compound called bromine in a way that fends off microbes without harming the alga. Nalco engineer William McCoy borrowed this stabilization recipe to create Stabrex™, a chlorine alternative that keeps industrial cooling systems microbe-free. Other models for antimicrobial excretions include olive trees, biscuit roots, lichen, and fungal-tending ants." (Biomimicry Guild unpublished report)
  Learn more about this functional adaptation.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:1,151Public Records:579
Specimens with Sequences:812Public Species:33
Specimens with Barcodes:616Public BINs:34
Species:81         
Species With Barcodes:42         
          
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Barcode data

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Laminariales

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