Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits exposed rocky areas and coral reefs. Often near elkhorn and staghorn corals (Ref. 9710). Commonly found in schools. Juveniles are encountered in Thalassia beds (Ref. 9626). Adults are observed in coral reefs during the day but enters open waters at night to feed on mainly on plankton (Ref. 9626), but also on small crustaceans and mollusks. Marketed fresh (Ref. 3798).
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Distribution

Western Atlantic: southern Florida (USA), Bahamas and Yucatan, Mexico to Brazil.
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Western Atlantic.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 9 - 10
  • Smith, C.L. 1997 National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 720 p. (Ref. 26938)
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Size

Maximum size: 230 mm TL
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Max. size

23.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251))
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Diagnostic Description

6 straight, even, and nearly equally wide bronze-yellow stripes on side (Ref. 26938). Snout short, mouth nearly horizontal and small, the maxilla usually not reaching a vertical at front edge of pupil; fins largely yellow (Ref. 13442).
  • Smith, C.L. 1997 National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 720 p. (Ref. 26938)
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Type Information

Type for Haemulon chrysargyreum
Catalog Number: USNM 4703
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Locality: Cuba, Greater Antilles, Caribbean Sea, Atlantic
  • Type:
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 25 m (Ref. 7251)
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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Depth range based on 233 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 136 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.5 - 17.4
  Temperature range (°C): 26.556 - 28.034
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.214 - 3.153
  Salinity (PPS): 34.217 - 36.556
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.285 - 4.693
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.046 - 0.239
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.805 - 4.130

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.5 - 17.4

Temperature range (°C): 26.556 - 28.034

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.214 - 3.153

Salinity (PPS): 34.217 - 36.556

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.285 - 4.693

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.046 - 0.239

Silicate (umol/l): 0.805 - 4.130
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 25m.
Recorded at 25 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Inhabits exposed rocky areas and coral reefs. Often near elkhorn and staghorn corals (Ref. 9710). Commonly found in schools. Juveniles are encountered in @Thalassia@ beds (Ref. 9626). Adults are observed in coral reefs during the day but enters open waters at night to feed on mainly on plankton (Ref. 9626), but also on small crustaceans and molluscs.
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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits exposed rocky areas and coral reefs. Often near elkhorn and staghorn corals (Ref. 9710). Commonly found in schools. Juveniles are encountered in Thalassia beds (Ref. 9626). Adults are observed in coral reefs during the day but enters open waters at night to feed on mainly on plankton (Ref. 9626), but also on small crustaceans and mollusks. Mobile invertebrates feeder (Ref. 33499, 57616).
  • Randall, J.E. 1967 Food habits of reef fishes of the West Indies. Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. Miami 5:665-847.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Haemulon chrysargyreum

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 10 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CTTTATCTAGTATTTGGTGCATGAGCTGGAATRGTAGGCACAGCCTTA---AGCCTACTTATCCGAGCAGAGCTAAGCCAGCCTGGCGCACTCCTTGGGGAY---GACCAAATCTATAATGTAATTGTTACTGCACATGCATTCGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATTCTCATTGGAGGATTCGGAAACTGACTCGTACCCCTAATG---ATCGGGGCCCCCGATATGGCATTCCCGCGAATGAATAATATGAGCTTTTGACTGCTTCCCCCTTCTTTCCTTCTCCTTCTCGCCTCGTCAGGCGTAGAGGCCGGAGCTGGAACTGGCTGAACTGTCTACCCCCCATTAGCCGGAAATCTAGCACACGCTGGAGCGTCGGTTGACCTT---ACAATTTTCTCCCTCCATCTGGCAGGTGTTTCATCAATTCTAGGGGCAATTAACTTCATTACAACAATTATTAACATGAAACCTCCCGCCATCTCCCAGTATCAGACCCCCCTGTTCGTGTGGTCAGTTCTTGTCACCGCCGTGCTCCTTCTTCTATCTCTCCCAGTACTCGCAGCC---GGCATTACAATGCTCCTCACAGACCGAAATCTAAACACTACTTTCTTTGACCCCGCCGGAGGAGGAGATCCCATCCTCTACCAACACCTC
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Haemulon chrysargyreum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 12
Specimens with Barcodes: 15
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums; bait: usually; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family
  • Courtenay, W.R. and H.F. Sahlman 1978 Pomadasyidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Central Atlantic (Fishing Area 31), Volume 4. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3798)
  • Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
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