Overview

Comprehensive Description

Sphyraena guachancho ZBK Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829

CAS 214646 (3 specimens) taken off Marlin Beach Hotel in SãoTomé ; SMNS 25263 (2 specimens) from fish market at SãoTomé City.

  • Peter Wirtz, Carlos Eduardo L. Ferreira, Sergio R. Floeter, Ronald Fricke, Joao Luiz Gasparini, Tomio Iwamoto, Luiz Rocha, Claudio L. S. Sampaio, Ulrich K. Schliewen (2007): Coastal Fishes of Sao Tome and Principe islands, Gulf of Guinea (Eastern Atlantic Ocean) - an update. Zootaxa 1523, 1-48: 22-22, URL:http://www.zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:2202520B-A3E7-492D-A932-14463CD6DAF9
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Biology

Occurs in shallow and generally turbid coastal water over muddy bottoms, often around river estuaries. Schooling species (Ref. 6949). Feeds on mainly on fishes belonging to the Engraulidae, Clupeidae, Lutjanidae and Synodontidae families and also on squid from the Loliginidae family (Ref. 9626). Marketed fresh and salted.
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Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA), 39.2°N , northern Gulf of Mexico, and throughout the Caribbean Sea to Brazil
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA), northern Gulf of Mexico, and throughout the Caribbean Sea to Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Angola, including the Canary Islands and Cape Verde.
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Western and eastern Atlantic (Senegal to Angola).
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 6; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 8
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Size

Maximum size: 2000 mm NG
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Max. size

200 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 27000)); max. published weight: 1,750 g (Ref. 4339)
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat Type: Marine

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nektonic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Occurs in shallow and generally turbid coastal water over muddy bottoms, often around river estuaries.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Environment

pelagic-neritic; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 26999)
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Depth range based on 402 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 84 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 300
  Temperature range (°C): 11.619 - 27.555
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.289 - 14.682
  Salinity (PPS): 33.112 - 36.128
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.613 - 6.300
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.099 - 0.943
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 8.905

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 300

Temperature range (°C): 11.619 - 27.555

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.289 - 14.682

Salinity (PPS): 33.112 - 36.128

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.613 - 6.300

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.099 - 0.943

Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 8.905
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 10 - 100m.
From 10 to 100 meters.

Habitat: pelagic. Schooling species (Ref. 6949). Occurs in shallow and generally turbid coastal water over muddy bottoms, often around river estuaries. Found near the surface at night (Ref. 9626). Feeds on mainly on fishes belonging to the Engraulidae, Clupeidae, Lutjanidae and Synodidae families and also on shrimps from the Lolijinidae family (Ref. 9626). Forms schools. Marketed fresh and salted.
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Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Trophic Strategy

Occurs in shallow and generally turbid coastal water over muddy bottoms, often around river estuaries. Schooling species (Ref. 6949). Feeds on mainly on fishes belonging to the Engraulidae, Clupeidae, Lutjanidae and Synodontidae families and also on squid from the Loliginidae family (Ref. 9626).
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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Diet

Feeds on mainly on fishes belonging to the Engraulidae, Clupeidae, Lutjanidae and Synodidae families and also on shrimps from the Lolijinidae family
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Sphyraena guachancho

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Sphyraena guachancho

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial
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Wikipedia

Guachanche barracuda

The Guachanche barracuda, Sphyraena guachancho, is an ocean-going species of game fish in the barracuda family, Sphyraenidae. It was described by the French zoologist Georges Cuvier in 1829. The description was part of the second edition of Le Règne Animal, or The Animal Kingdom. Guachanche barracuda are also known simply as guaguanche throughout much of the Caribbean. When used for food, Guaguanche barracuda are usually sold fresh or salted.[1]

Description[edit]

Guachanche barracuda, like other members of the Sphyraenidae family, possess elongated bodies, pike-like heads, and large jaws.[2] The lower jaw protrudes slightly from the upper jaw, both of which contain fang-like teeth.[2] They have two dorsal fins, which are widely separated on their backs. The anterior dorsal fin usually possesses spines, while the posterior only has rays.[2] Guachanche barracuda have six dorsal spines and 9 rays, while they have only two spines and eight rays on their anal fins.[1]

Guachanche barracuda can grow up to 200 cm in length,[3] but have only been recorded to weigh as much as 1.75 kg.[4]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

In the western Atlantic Ocean, Guachanche barracuda are known from Massachusetts to Brazil.[1] They are also found in the northern Gulf of Mexico and throughout the Caribbean.[1] In the eastern Atlantic, although Guachanche barracuda are known from Senegal to Angola (including Cape Verde), they can also be found off the Canary Islands, which lie much further north.[1]

Guachanche barracuda can live in turbid, coastal waters at depths up to 100 m.[5] They generally occur near muddy bottoms and are often found in estuaries.[1] A schooling species,[6] Guachanche barracuda feed on several fishes from the Engraulidae, Clupeidae, Lutjanidae and Synodontidae families.[7] They have also been known to feed on squid of the Loliginidae family.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2009). "Sphyraena guachancho" in FishBase. 07 2009 version.
  2. ^ a b c Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Sphyraenidae" in FishBase. January 2006 version.
  3. ^ Reiner, F. 1996 Catálogo dos peixes do Arquipélago de Cabo Verde. Publicações avulsas do IPIMAR No. 2. 339 p.
  4. ^ Daget, J. 1986 Sphyraenidae. p. 350-351. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2.
  5. ^ Sanches, J.G. 1991 Catálogo dos principais peixes marinhos da República de Guiné-Bissau. Publicações avulsas do I.N.I.P. No. 16. 429 p.
  6. ^ De Sylva, D.P. 1990 Sphyraenidae. p. 860-864. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.
  7. ^ a b Cervigón, F. 1993 Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 2. Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 497 p.
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